Breast Is Best !

 

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                In my perspective, the idea of a newborn baby drinking milk from another species of animal is very strange. The picture I provided shows unsettling the process of formula feeding a human baby is. The conversation of breastfeeding vs. baby formula has been around for about a century and has stirred up debates between activist organizations and their enemy, the dairy industry and baby formula enthusiasts. A mother who is raising a child might ask themselves if breastfeeding is significant for their baby and the simple answer is YES! Scientists and experts who are specialized on the development of a newborn baby all strongly believe that breastfeeding your child improves many aspects of your child’s health. Some worthy benefits of breastfeeding are the effect it has on a baby’s immune system, bone and muscular growth, mental health, and the baby’s psychological connection with his/her mother, and disease prevention. I chose to analyze an online article regarding the conversation of breastfeeding and I will discuss the purpose of the article as well as the articles use of rhetoric.

                Worldwide, nursing saves the lives of many infants and gives them a superb protection against diseases of all natures. Breastfeeding also reduces the number of diseases a nursing mother contracts. At a first glance the article titled “Breastfeeding Outcomes for the Mother-infant Dyad” can be seen trying to pathologically appeal to a mother by conjoining the phrase into the Mother-Infant Dyad, implying that breastfeeding will have outcomes for both subjects not just the mother. This article discusses the type of people that consider breastfeeding and how long the topic of breastfeeding vs. formula feeding has had a context in America. The articles use of logos can easily be interpreted while looking at all the research and empirical data at its disposal. It also reviews the most recent scientific findings around this issue as well as the consequences formula feeding has on both the mother and infant taking a logical and pathological approach by warning mothers of the consequences cow milk has on an infant. The targeted audience for this article is mainly birthing mothers curious on the best feeding route to take, but ultimately, anyone is welcome to read the article if they wish to become knowledgeable on the topic of breastfeeding. This article has no clear bias on the conversation of breastfeeding besides the fact that they believe it is much healthier for an infant. 

                Prior to birth, a newborn baby is born entirely by his/her mother, if you think about it all sources of nutrition, genetic blueprint, oxygen etc. are transferred directly from the birth mother to the child. Keeping that in mind, why would you use a foreign form of nutrients after the baby is born when it is the most vulnerable to disease and malnutrition? It should just make sense to produce a source of food from your own body because you are indeed the mother that birthed the baby, not the cow being forcefully pumped for its milk. In simple explanation, cow milk is made up of Water, Carbohydrates, Fat, Vitamins, Minerals, Biological Proteins and Enzymes (NIH). Taking a look at the article, the making of cow milk is explained and we see that there is a combination of Proteins including special proteins that carry a specific genetic code to aid the bodily functions of whatever species it matches up with. But problems arise when the coding of a protein is mismatched and interpreted incorrectly by a consumer it is not intended for, Cow DNA and RNA is beneficial to a baby calf’s health but is not intended for human consumption and visa versa. Considering that there is no other species of animal that can be found willingly drinking the milk produced by a foreign animal. Why should humans be any different? An excerpt from the text sums up this abnormality reading, “We seem to be the only species of mammals that drink milk after infancy, and definitely the only species that drinks another species’ milk” (NIH). This quote is another pathological/logical appeal that can be interpreted differently depending on who the reader is. The main difference in cow milk is that it contains acidic animal proteins that alter the body’s pH levels, leaching the calcium straight from the developing bone and flushing it down your digestive path, very wasteful. The stripping of a bone’s calcium is especially visible in the case of a developing baby because a baby lacks an adult level of stomach acid and relies on a more basic pH level of protein to successfully digest the nutrients found in food. In conclusion, formula feeding contributes to a stunt in a baby’s bone growth

                Arguably the most important reason why a mother should breastfeed is breast milk’s ability to prevent diseases and infections. The text calls out to a mothers ethos questioning if she is credible to raise a child correctly proving that breastfeeding is the most moralistic and just approach. Colostrum is a substance that a mother’s breasts develop in the early stages of breastfeeding. This yellowish liquid is thicker than milk and is vital in the development stages of a baby. It contains a vital blend of vitamins, minerals, and protein that responds to a baby’s incoming onslaught of foreign bacteria and viruses, protecting his/her immature immune system. The most common misconception is that colostrum will not be enough nutrients for a baby because of how little the mother produces, when in reality all a baby needs is a few teaspoons of the liquid-gold. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Colostrum gives an infant the most complete form of nutrition, this includes premature infants or sick newborns Breastfeeding. prevents diseases classified under respiratory tract infections such as asthma and bronchitis. The essential fatty acids and chain lipids that are found in a mother’s unique enzymes coat the walls of a baby’s throat and respiratory canals decreasing the occurrence of these illnesses in infants (CDC). This source comes directly from a well developed government article making it a credible piece of evidence regarding the immune system of a baby. Another study done by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) suggests that, “The number of infant hospitalizations for low respiratory tract infections such as asthma are reduced greatly in breastfed baby’s by as much as 73% if the infant is breastfed exclusively for 4-6 months”. These numbers don’t lie and aid the logical theme of a healthy maternal lifestyle. Other forms of prevention that breastmilk includes are prevention against urinary tract infection, gastrointestinal infections, and ear infections. This added bonus just throws more fuel to the fire for a mother considering breastfeeding.

               Another benefit a mother gets from breastfeeding is the ability to lose weight. When you think of a woman being pregnant you think of the word fat. This is true in part because the weight gain a mother experiences is directly linked to post-pregnancy weight gain. Breastfeeding, contradicts this and is actually linked to post-pregnancy weight loss. In a large study done by Baker et al in the text, data showed that the longer a mother conducts breastfeeding the more weight she will lose in the long run. This includes women in all Body Mass Index categories (NIH). Remember to consider that a mother will be completely missing out on this weight loss opportunity if she does not breastfeed. This is great news because it means that a mother will not have to worry about losing that extra fat after pregnancy. This just goes to show that if a mother chooses to formula feed they will miss out on the opportunity to get her old body back. In the long run, breastfeeding will increase a mother’s positive emotions and make a mother pathologically fearless as they will not fear gaining post-pregnancy blubber.

              An added bonus for both the infant and the mother is the bond that is developed between them during and after they breastfeed. Breastfeeding plays a huge role in mother-infant bonding establishing a strong pathological connection that cannot be broken. A mother who is breastfeeding her baby tends to be more aware of her baby’s wants and needs. Although it sounds like common sense for a correlation like this to exist, a review by Jansen et al. found that clear evidence is limited saying, “Our findings indicate that theoretical mechanisms through which breastfeeding may enhance the maternal bond exist … However, the few empirical studies investigating this association have not found convincing support for a relation between breastfeeding and the quality of the mother-infant relationship”. This excerpt from the lead researcher in the maternal bond field explains that the logos included in her article may be flawed due to the lack of repeatable data that will link breastfeeding with parental bonding. Fortunately, the evidence backing up the bonding claim is growing stronger and stronger with time as new studies are being conducted and more logos is coming into play.

The chosen article’s use of rhetoric consists almost entirely of logos and ethos with a hint of pathology. Taking a look at the articles use of logos we can see that it takes a very scholarly approach, appealing to the more educated/statistical representatives of the medical field and individuals that study the biology of a human infant. Examples of this logistical appeal can be found in almost every main header of the article. In the section titled “Protective Effects for infants” the author uses a wide variety of scientific terms such as labeling breastmilk’s disease fighting factor as a chemical called “secretary IgA” explaining that it is a cytotoxic chemical that breaches an infants intestinal gland preventing GI diseases. Another example of logos can be found in the articles dense background research regarding the numerical data of different race types and how the variables of socio-economy and others come into the equation of breastmilk productivity.  The author goes on to explain that the numerous social variables continue to effect the studies conducted in their article. The articles credibility can be derived from the authors’ countless degrees in the corresponding fields or, straight from their use of logic and data. Throughout the article there is not one occurrence of uncertain data included. From the use of statistical tables and graphs to the constant use of medical terminology, it is clear that the article’s authors have a strong credibility in the world of health.

              Based on the research and data provided by the chosen article and I, It is safe to conclude that breastfeeding a child is much more reasonable and beneficial than feeding an infant milk that is produced by a cow. In conclusion, I hope the article I chose to analyze changes the way the readers of my paper look at the use of rhetoric behind the dairy industry and establish credible knowledge towards the topic of breastfeeding. I also hope that the readers of my paper make an educated decision towards this issue because choosing poorly can result in a baby’s poor health, poor cognitive skills, poor maternal bond, and a decrease in all other topics discussed in this paper. Breastfeeding is a beautiful thing accessible to many mothers willing to make the effort and is something that a credible, logical, and sympathetic mother can proudly achieve.

Whether you give birth to a boy or a girl remember that BREAST IS BEST!

 

 

 

 

 

Annotated Bibliography

 

AAP, American Association of Pediatrics, Karen Remley, IL, June 23 1930

               This website is a very credible source for researching the topic of breastfeeding and the health of a developing child because it is scholarly and is superior in the field of pediatrics in the United States. I included a decent portion of what I found on this website into my paper in the form of facts regarding disease prevention and the conversation around breastfeeding and how it effects an infant.

 

CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US

I chose to gather research from this organization because they are highly credible given the fact that they are an established foundation dedicated to informing and educating citizens of potential diseases and can be seen constantly making an effort to produce studies and articles on the diseases and viruses of the past, present, and future in hope of preventing them from posing a threat to the general public.

 

GERB, Gerber good start, Parent corporation – nestlé, Daniel frank Gerber, 1927-present

                I included Gerber in my paper because it is the largest manufacturing company in the infant formula business and is the go to company when targeting the distribution of baby formula in the United States. The research I found on this website was mainly used in the formation of what I think about when I hear the word formula and how I can link the mass production of infant formula to the article I chose for my paper.

 

NIH, National Institution of Health Article, Dieterich, Christine M. et al. “Breastfeeding and Health Outcomes for the Mother-Infant Dyad.” Pediatric clinics of North America 60.1 (2013): 31–48. PMC. Web, March 12, 2018.

               I chose to analyze this article as my text because it provided me with the most dense scholarly compilation of studies and theories regarding the effects of breastfeeding on both the mother and infant. The authors of this article are all credible sources based on their conduction of research and the titles they achieved in the field of health, as well as how they have contributed to the National Institute of Health.

 

RED, RedIce, Broadcasting Website/Station, Henrik Palmgren, 2003

              This is the website that provides the Picture I chose of the breastfeeding cow as it is seen in an article discussing the effects of GMOs. This photo stood out to me because it is very shocking and you feel uncomfortable just by looking at it which explains how absurd formula feeding is. I really like this picture and it is a very good work of art.

 

WHO, World Health Organization Growth Curve Standards, Tedros Adhanom, Geneva    Switzerland, April 7, 1948

             The World Health Organization was established by many countries including the U.S. and is definitely a credible source. I included this organization in my research because they established a healthy chart outlining the growth of a child year by year based on medical studies of different races.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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