What would you do with a million dollars?… Americans spend/waste millions of dollars throughout the years on (one-time use) plastic water bottles. About 5-10% of all plastic water bottles get recycled worldwide, as 75% get dumped in landfills and 25% ends up in the ocean. There are about 5.25 trillion plastic pieces currently in the sea and it is only getting worse. The way plastic is constructed, it can last up to many decades in the ocean, which not only affects the marine life but us as well (when consuming seafood). Over time the sun breaks plastic down into smaller pieces that don’t biodegrade as easily, thus misleading over 700 different sea animals in thinking it is a nutritional resource to consume (Ve’e 85). The toxic plastic waste stays in the ocean and land as well for a long period of time, to cease that problem its best to start at the root of the manufacturers.



In just recent matters, two researchers found a male Olive Ridley sea turtle with a straw deeply hinged in its nostril (Cuda). It is possible that this sea turtle mistook the piece of trash as food. As this can affect a turtles senses, it was best to remove the straw as soon as possible, no matter the pain it caused for the sea animal. This story was heard by many, now it is our turn to act upon all the plastic waste brought to the ocean that these sea animals call home. There are countless ways to enhance the awareness to reduce our plastic waste problem throughout our country.

Pollution prevention policies demand to push a plan of action to reduce further harm to the environment. This policy certifies that our future generations will be sustainable beyond the problems produced now. Enforcing that companies follow up with the best solutions possible to reduce any plastic product being manufactured in a way that does not amiss the planet. Ensuring that we all think in ways to avoid producing plastic waste than constantly introducing treatments to discard waste in our oceans (Tom). Replacing an act to change a substance in the making of plastic bottles can eliminate toxic elements that further impact the things animals and humans consume. The health of the community plays a very jurassic role in the decision of this pollution prevention policies. Many compounds used to manufacture everyday plastic products cause cancer, liver damage, attacks on the nervous system, kidneys and vision in the long run of many people’s life (Ve’e 85). By switching to conservational (renewable) resources, we can protect all natural materials that are left. Recycled items are first cleaned then slushed (melted) to be reused but newly added substances of the same context must be added to make the product more durable for the buyers (Ivar do Sul 49). Overall the pollution prevention modifies a company’s equipment to fit environmental standards, reformulates products, and improves families awareness of their own inventory.

Picking up any trash on the streets has a major effect on the ocean. For instance when it rains, trash is transferred to nearby water img_1722.jpgdrains on the side of the road leading directly to the ocean. Affecting wildlife and their habitats, making it hazardous to live in. The lack of thought from communities allow and sets an example to others about not only our environment but home. Living in a surrounding of trash is never suitable for any human nor animal.

Reducing the overall amount of plastic waste citizens use all togetherimages-1.jpeg will lead us to not only leave an impactful mark on this planet, but it reduces the cost we spend on packaged items. Bring Back the Tap! is a campaign to give notice on the powerful usage of reusable water bottles. Installing water filters at home minimizes the amount of plastic bottles. Filler stations around our community encourages students, people of the city and everyday people to invest in a sustainable water bottle. Most filler stations keep track of how much bottles it replaces when people refill their bottles instead of buying another plastic water bottle.

Using just one sustainable bottle of any material rather than plastic can save over 1400 one time use water bottles in a year (Scott). Which saves an average american 3000 dollars. Yes buying in bulk does save you money but carrying around 4 water bottles in your arms or bag could be a little tiring. People usually buy when convenient, that means you are willing to pay the cost no matter how high in prices it might be. Ranging from $1 to $5 depending on where are Unknown-1.jpegare at, can built up the cost over time. A reusable bottle usually can hold about 32 oz., where as an average plastic bottle holds 16 oz. A person should be drinking 64 oz of water everyday, resulting in buying 4 plastic bottles for 365 days of the year amounting to 1460 bottles paid for. By just refilling a sustainable bottle once a day you will get exactly the right amount of water one, healthy person should consume.

Marine life does not go unnoticed, with or without a video or picture grabbing the world’s attention to this very important topic, everyday many people can play a helpful role in reducing waste, bringing awareness to others, and helping others (humans AND animals of all environments) with reducing the demand of plastic waste altogether.. Policies set a strict principle to protect the community as a whole to guide everyday decisions to hopefully achieve a future, positive outcome. Ultimately investing in a reusable bottle can increase the amount of money but reduce the waste as we . Globally, our objective should be to protect the livelihood and health of the ecosystem, by breaking free from the chemically plastic waste we as people buy into. That is why investing in a sustainable containers, which not only includes bottles but totes bags, food containers, silver utensils, etc. can save time, money and the environment for the home of others.


Works Cited:

Cuda, Heidi, and Elizabeth Glazner. “The Turtle That Became the Anti-Plastic Straw Poster Child.” Plastic Pollution Coalition, www.plasticpollutioncoalition.org/pft/2015/10/27/the-turtle-that-became-the-anti-plastic-straw-poster-child. Heidi studied and receive a PhD in communications At UC Berkeley. Working for the News, her goal to to allow people and issues to have a voice in the world. From “Saving the american dream” to “dare to dream”, she works on many project to ensure the dream of the people. Glazner’s last project includes her concern with the environmentally and the sustainability of it. She inspires to grab the attention of others with the skills of designed she learned from Cal State Fullerton.

Ve’e, Taufagalupe and Mia Theresa Comeros. “Marine Pollution Prevention in American Samoa.” Journal of Health Disparities Research & Practice, vol. 9, 2016 Special Edition 1, p. 85. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=118043884&site=ehost-live. Ve’e went to Wentworth Military Academy College majoring in biology and minoring in medicines. Comeros is a research scientist studying in marine biology at Old Dominion University.

Tom, Egan. “Conflict of Interest – Town Council – Pollution.” Rhode Island Lawyers Weekly, n.d. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=n5h&AN=L54889366RILW&site=ehost-live.

Ivar do Sul, Juliana A. and Monica F. Costa. “Plastic Pollution Risks in an Estuarine Conservation Unit.” Journal of Coastal Research, 2013 Special Issue 65, pp. 48-53. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2112/SI65-009.1. Costa is a full time professor with a degree in oceanography, a masters in chemistry, and a PhD in environmental sciences under her belt. Shes has worked in various amount of projects in conservation in not only in America but other countries as well.

Scott, Horsley. “EPA Announces New Rules to Protect U.S. Waters.” All Things Considered (NPR), 27 May 2015. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=n5h&AN=6XN201505272117&site=ehost-live. Scott works under the white house, reporting not only the policies but the politics as well, of course. Once a reliable report he has moved up by the people of america.