research 8

Freedom to Speak

Annotated Bibliography

Carle, Robert. “The Strange Career of Title IX.” Academic Questions, vol. 29, no. 4, Dec. 2016, pp. 443-453. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s12129-016-9590-8.

In this article the author explores the ways in which Title IX has been misused in recent years in the education system. He gives examples as too how some of the actions are infringements on free speech  and how the law has been interpreted very freely to impose punishments and restrictions to students and faculty alike. This is a scholarly article on the matter. I will be using examples given to help give history on the matter of free speech in colleges in recent years as well as show the loose interpretations of legislation at the educational level.


Hart, Bridget. “A Balancing Act for American Universities: Antiharassment Policy V. Freedom of Speech.” Journal of Law & Policy, vol. 25, no. 1, Oct. 2016, pp. 399-435. EBSCOhost,

This is an overview on the first amendment and its application with students as well as examines the confusion with colleges in regards to their anti harassment policies. It also gives a possible solution to help with the issue at hand. I will be using the vast scope of information on the topic of free speech from the proposed solution as well as the findings from a 2013 DOE investigation. This is also an Academic journal on Law & Policy.


“Student Rights/Free Speech.” Gale Encyclopedia of Everyday Law, edited by Gale, 3rd edition, 2013. Credo Reference, Accessed 25 Jul. 2018.

Here we get a more in depth overview of free speech in public schools all the way to college. It gives many examples of court battles on the matter as well. Referencing the court battles as well as some of the legislation mentioned in a broad scope can help with backing up my points using facts from past occurances. This is from the Gale Encyclopedia of everyday law.


Friedersdorf, Conor. “Free Speech on Campus Is Under Attack.” The Atlantic, Atlantic Media Company, 4 Mar. 2016,

This is an article relating to the speech codes and how they have been used and are continuing to be pushed to further suppress free speech. It gives examples to certain codes that are being attempted to put in effect. I can use the various examples to provide relevant information on the topic. This is a recent news article by a politics and national affairs writer.


Sultana, Farhana. “The False Equivalence of Academic Freedom and Free Speech: Defending Academic Integrity in the Age of White Supremacy, Colonial Nostalgia, and Anti-Intellectualism.” ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies, vol. 17, no. 2, July 2018, pp. 228-257. EBSCOhost,

.In this journal the author is somebody who is opposed to the free speech movement and is critical of those in support and details that the motives are driven by colonial nostalgia and white supremacy. This article gives me a polarizing view on the integrity of the free speech movement. By suggesting ulterior motives and a different side to the argument that free speech is not being infringed upon. It provides counters to many arguments and can be a tool in finding a conclusion. This is an academic journal.