What is sports medicine?

Sports medicine is the study and practice of medical principles specifically related to athletes and individuals participating in physical fitness or sports training programs. The overall goal for sports medicine is to help athletes achieve outstanding health and any other type of training goals. In sports medicine, physicians treat a huge range of injuries and physical conditions, which includes small traumatic injuries like for example, dislocations, sprains and strains. They also can treat injuries cause by overuse of muscles such as tendinitis, degenerative diseases, and over training syndrome. The practice of sports medicine is all about medical education and specific principles of sports science, exercise physiology, orthopedics, bio mechanics, nutrition and even psychology. Education programs about sports medicine a pretty big rage of studies like sports injury prevention, sports training and athletic performance and sports injury treatment which includes  exercises and workouts, sports nutrition, and sports psychology.


Sports Medicine Clinic Richmond Hill - Dr. Allan Horowitz               Sports Medicine - California Orthopedic and Microsurgery Institute

What are specialists?

An individual who specialized education and training who focuses only on the medical, therapeutic, and functional aspects of exercise participation is a sports medicine specialist. They also work with athletes to improve their overall sports performance. A specialist doesn’t always mean that they are a physician, there are so many different careers out there for people who are interested in working with athletes. Usually there are multiple different types of educated and specialized skill set  on any sports medicine team such as personal trainers, nutritionist, coaches, physical therapists, athletic trainers, etc. There’s various types of educational necessities when working in this field, depending on the specialization they may have doctoral degrees, bachelor degrees, or even all types of certificates in sports medicine, athletic training, sports science, nutrition, or another area of focus.

Sports Medicine - ACL Reconstruction - Ingalls

What are physicians?

Physicians are basically the people that diagnose and treat athlete’s, exercise and related injuries and illnesses. Even though physicians work with athletes they can also work with people that stay in shape and anybody who wants to come back to their regular activities after an injury. Usually what physicians do to become certified in their specialty is become board certified in family practice, emergency medicine, pediatrics, internal medicine, or orthopedics with an additional two year fellowship or other continuing education in sports medicine. Another good path that physicians usually take is take accomplishing added qualifications in sports medicine. Musculature and orthopedic injuries and surgical interventions is something that all physicians need to have a thorough understanding up because not every physician is required to perform surgeries but it’s a good thing to know. Primary care physicians usually go through the most schooling because most of them become sports medicine doctors and to do that they have to complete a three-year family medicine residency after medical school and then gain additional, specific training and experience in sports medicine.

What is sports science?

Sports science can also be known as exercise science. The principles of physiology, anatomy, and psychology and how they relate to human movement and physical activity is the main focus of sports science. Exercise science is all about the research on how our bodies adapt to the way we work out and how when we don’t, what effect it has on the human body. This research mainly focuses on the opposites of our population so for example, athletes to regular people in our society, the young to the elderly, and the components that go on in our bodies to the components that go on inside our heads.

what is Sports psychology?

Sports psychology is a certain psychology that specifically focuses on the mental and emotional processes that happen in an athlete when participating in sports or any type of challenging physical activity. A sports psychologists number one goal is to become a necessity to their athletes. Its common for sports teams, professional or not to hire a sports psychologist on a regular basis to enhance their athlete way of thinking while performing. A sports psychologist is a very cherished profession because as we all know many athletes go under many stress that can cause troubles with anxiety and manipulate their focus. Say if an athlete is faced with an injury, a sports psychologist can be also helpful with their coping with that situation.


There are many job opportunities in fields related to sports medicine, those who pursue degrees in sports medicine or sports science commonly work through clinical, academic, or service employment. In the article, Highest Paying Exercise Science & Sports Medicine Jobs, “Careers in sports medicine are considered clinical, meaning those working in this field are actual healthcare providers. For example, athletic training is officially recognized as an allied healthcare profession”(Corolla). People who have accomplished an associates degree have enough knowledge and skills to enter a career to be personal or even a group trainer. At the level of a bachelor’s degree graduates can look for jobs as athletic trainers, nutritionists and physical therapist assistant. And finally after earning a masters degree graduates can look for more complex positions as well as teaching and researching. In order to become a practicing sports medicine physician, an individual needs to obtain a degree as a medical doctor. Typically employment works with healthy athletes or even people who are active and don’t necessarily play sports. The two major areas are usually who want to enhance their performance or injury prevention and recovery.


A lot of schools are now offering a lot more opportunities for sports medicine. Not that long ago it would be really hard to study sports medicine in college because there wasn’t that big of a selection. Back then a regular education plan for sports medicine would have been just studying physical education or medical school. Now universities all around have degree specifically for sports medicine such as athletic training, exercise science, health promotion, kinesiology, sports coaching, and a variety of other disciplines. A certified athletic trainer (ATC) is an individual who is highly skilled in athletic health care. To be a certified athletic trainer you have to take multiple tests that cover a variety of different subjects like Prevention of athletic injuries, Recognition, evaluation, and diagnosis, Immediate care and treatment of athletic injuries, Rehabilitation and reconditioning of athletic injuries, Healthcare administration, Professional development and responsibility.

The future of sports medicine

Sports medicine will continue to grow, as well as the variety of specialists in the field. As time goes on and technology enhances which results in research and innovation in medicine to grow, obviously it will be applied in the specific areas in sports medicine. Emerging areas that most likely will grow may include advances in diagnosing and treating injuries with newer devices and even rehabilitation modalities.“Data not only helps to analyze, create new strategies and thus boost players’ performance in the arena but can also monitor health state and warn about over straining” (The Medical Futurist).

Works Cited

Millard-Stafford, Mindy L. “Sports Medicine.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 30 Dec. 2015, http://www.britannica.com/science/sports-medicine.

Millard-Stafford, Mindy L. “Sports Medicine.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 30 Dec. 2015, http://www.britannica.com/science/sports-medicine.

“Primary Care Sports Medicine Physician.” ExploreHealthCareers.org, explorehealthcareers.org/field/sports-medicine/.

“Sports Medicine Fellowship at Overlook.” Chilton Medical Center – Hospital in Pompton Plains, NJ – Atlantic Health, http://www.atlantichealth.org/professionals-medical-education/fellowships/sports-medicine-fellowship-overlook.html.

“Sports Medicine Professionals.” HealthyChildren.org, http://www.healthychildren.org/English/family-life/health-management/pediatric-specialists/Pages/Sports-Medicine-Professionals.aspx.

“Sports Medicine.” ScienceDaily, ScienceDaily, http://www.sciencedaily.com/terms/sports_medicine.htm.