What would someone have to do to change your opinion on something?
What is an Argument?
Claims, reasons, and evidence.
Argument – a reason or set of reasons given with the aim of persuading others that an action or idea is right or wrong.
Intro to Arguments/Rhetoric
Language is an art form. Here is the Wikipedia definition of Rhetoric.
Rhetoric is the art of discourse, wherein a writer or speaker strives to inform, persuade or motivate particular audiences in specific situations.
Aristotle’s definition of rhetoric
“The faculty of observing, in any given case, the available means of persuasion“
Ethos: Appeals to Ethics, Credibility or Character. Ethics, ethical, trustworthiness or reputation, style/tone. The credibility of the speaker persuades.
Pathos: Appeals to Emotion. Emotional or imaginative impact, stories, values. Uses emotional response to persuade an audience.
Logos: Appeals to logic. Persuade by reason and evidence.
- Evidence, S.T.A.R.
- Rhetorical Questions
- Transitions and connections
- Anticipate objections and answering
Take two minutes to write something you can share with us about Hidden Intellectualism.
Graff “Hidden Intellectualism” (264)
In the article “Hidden Intellectualism,” Gerald Graff argues that schools should encourage students to write about subjects that interests them. While passion about a subject does not necessarily mean they will write well about it, they can benefit from reflective and analytical writing about subjects they care about.
Nonacademic subjects can be “more intellectual than school” (267).
What does he mean by intellectual here? Look at paragraph 10 on page 267.
Real intellectuals turn any subject, however lightweight it may seem, into grist for their mill through thoughtful questions they bring to it, whereas a dullard will find a way to drain the interest out of the richest subject (265).
Do you agree with this statement? Why?
- Who is his audience?
- What is his purpose?
Give me the student anytime who writes a sharply argued, sociologically acute analysis of an issue in Source over the student who writes a lifeless explication of Hamlet or Socrates’ Apology (270).