Its 2019, mostly everywhere in California you can see those green pluses on some buildings and you’re thinking to yourself what does those green pluses mean? Those green pluses signify the legal action of selling cannabis aka marijuana in those shops. About 10 states in the United States of America have not legalized medical use for marijuana and in this report I am going to explain why they should and why they don’t. Marijuana is a drug that is from a cannabis plant that contains high level of THC and it is either smoked, vaped, or ingested aka edibles. When being contaminated by this drug the THC is being activated and because of the effects of the THC a widespread amount of people use this drug recreationally and medically. 

When using marijuana medically in 1982 there was an IOM report called “Marijuana and Health”, they knew that marijuana mostly targets the brain and the way the cannabinoids would act on the brain’s neurons. Effects of the isolated cannabinoids according to the Division of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health the cannabinoids would have a natural role in pain modulation, movement, and memory. Therefore people using this drug would feel different type of movement and have some memory loss when being exposed by THC. Also because of the brain being such a unforgetting this, the brain becomes more tolerant in everytime being used. With the effects of THC it has its therapeutic values which is that it can be used for “pain relief, control of nausea and vomiting, and appetite stimulation.” because of this they recommend that “clinical trials of cannabinoid drugs for symptom management should be conducted with the goal of developing rapid-onset, reliable, and safe delivery systems.”

So you see the importance of some users that use this substance for medical use and how it can help them in many ways, but then there’s the people that use this drug recreationally. When using this drug recreationally, meaning that you use this drug for fun (not medically), which is most users. Since marijuana is the easiest to obtain, it is the most commonly used drug for teenagers. Marijuana is known as a soft drug and Professor Hartney who has a phd in psychology and is the Director Centre of Health Leadership and Research states that “Most people who develop severe problems with drugs, such as cocaine, meth, and heroin, had early experiences with marijuana before trying these other drugs”. Most people argue that because the drug is illegal, that is what makes Marijuana a gateway drug, but if it was legal users could buy the drug through legal channels therefore not being exposed to such harder drugs. In conclusion to all of this Professor Hartney believes that you shouldn’t assume people will progress to other drug use after Marijuana, but also consider the possibility that it could lead to other drugs.

There is a scale on the internet that is called the The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale and the measures for Marijuana use. Over 4400 adult internet users have taken this test and Thomas F Denson the creator of this test was looking for the recruitment of the most depressed and marijuana involved participants. They compared the users who consumed the drug daily, once a week or less, or never in their lives. The results showed that people who consumed the drug on a daily basis were in less depressed moods and had fewer body complaints than non users. Based on the three groups of people who used them on a daily basis, once a week or less, or never in their lives had the same interpersonal symptoms. Since some users use it recreationally and some users use it medically they had to make different analysis. In the end of these studies they noticed that users who used the drug medically were more depressed and had more body complaints rather than the recreational users. In conclusion to this study is that the data suggests that adults do not increase their risk for depression by using marijuana. 

Since marijuana is the most illicit drug being used in the United States and Europe according to European Monitoring centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. 2006; Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration ( SAMHSA). 2007. Marijuana dependence appears to be like other dependence disorders, however marijuana dependence is likely to be less severe. According to Budney. 2006; Copeland et al..2001; Stephens et al. 2002 adults seeking treatment for marijuana abuse or dependence average more than 10 years of near-daily use and more than six serious attempts at quitting. They continue to smoke the drug despite social, psychological, and physical impairments, commonly citing consequences such as relationship and family problems. Even after all that people who are financially unstable they see Marijuana as more of a necessity rather than buying food for their children or themselves. Also because of marijuana dependency people tend to be low self esteemed and tend to have sleeping and memory problems. Most of them tend to be believe they can stop whenever, but truly never stop in the end.

Most International treaties are against marijuana and forbid selling, growing, and possessing marijuana, according to the book “Marijuana Legalization: What everybody needs to know”, they know that because of not allowing the drug to be legal, it creates illicit markets with a total value in tens of billions per year and specifically in the United States it creates $40 billlion dollars per year and because of such illicit markets it creates violence and corruption of public officials. If legalized it would replace illicit market production and distribution with an a high placed industry. There can still be rules with it being legalized just like how we legalized alcohol, but most of the trading would be from farmers, merchants, and clerks, not by criminals.