Quick Write

The Future

Lux Aeterna – Soundtrack for exercise

Lets take a few minutes and imagine what the future has in store for us.

Write for two minutes on what grade you want and what you need to do to get it.

Specific Research Questions

The topic or issue will help narrow down what you can research for your report. A specific research question will help focus your research to a specific area.

A broad question like “What is global warming?” is way to big to write about and try to research in our time allotted. Plus, that one has already been answered. A better, more narrow question on this topic would be, “How does global warming affect the California shorelines?

This research question narrows down a broad topic and connects it to you. If you are a Business major, you might want to ask, “What are carbon credits, and how might they affect the California economy?” This question connects your interest or topic to your major.

Report Audience

What audience you are writing for?

  • Expert
  • Novice
  • Peer

Report Purpose

Answer questions.

Review what is already known about a subject.

Report new knowledge.

Michelle Obama Commencement Speech

  • Who is her audience?
  • What argument is she making?


In-Text Citation

Also called parenthetical citations.

One Author: (Ramos 1)

Two Authors: (Smith and Ramos 1)

Three or more Authors: (Ramos et al. 1)


Here is the format:

Author(s). “Article Title.” Source, vol. #, no. #, season year, pp. xx-xx. Database, URL.


Kong, Les. “Business Sources for Education Majors.” Education Graduate Students Journal, vol. 75, no. 4, 2014, pp. 12-19. JSTORhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/52506788.