1. The ability to read and write.
  2. Competence or knowledge in a specified area.

Learning To Read

  1. In “Learning to Read,” Malcolm tells us that he learned to read by teaching himself. What else did he teach himself while he taught himself to read?
  2. “In fact, up to then, I never had been so truly free in my life” (par. 11) What does he mean by free?

Show, Don’t Tell

The writing you do at this level should do the work, instead of you having to tell us. No more lines like:

In this essay…

My narrative is about…

narrative structure

Narrative Examples

Building Structure

Focus on events in your story. What events help you to tell your story?

  • First Event
  • Next Event
  • Next Event
  • Final Event

Do tell us what you went through. Show us what happened. Place us there with you.

Four Frames

You have four frames to tell us the story. What scenes will you include? What details will you want to draw into each scene?

Details are important when telling a story. It helps your readers see what it is you are telling them.


Take everything we did today and use it to write your draft. Bring a full draft next class to peer review.