sil_icon_0“I have always wanted to be there for my wife and child from pregnancy till birth but my job could not allow as I spent less time with my new-born to an extent that I had to ask them to travel outside to my village in order to get appropriate care from my grandparents. The reason was the first few days after birth, I hardly slept well at night that by the time I get to the office, people noticed. This affected my thinking and work as well” (Thompson).  One of the most controversial things in the past was the idea of a man staying home taking care of a child. Taking care of children was looked at as feminine act, that only women should do. In a more modern time where it is scientifically show that both parents being there is an important psychological growth. The growth that the child has with the present of both parents, is not the only benefit of having a both parents, but it gives benefits to the mother, and father. Paternity  leave is the ability for a new father to take off work to spend time with his newborn child.  Paternity leave is a benefit that should be given to everybody. Yet many people could not take paternity leave, because of the fear that they will lose money, that can be used to take care of the newborn child. Most laws today only give paternity leave to the parents, but do not consider that the possibility of not having the money that the families need, will harm them. This can be easily solved by giving employees at least a pedownloadrcent of their actual pay.

According to DiLascio paternity leave is referred to the time a father can take off from work to spend time with their newborn child, or a new placement of a new child, includes the birth of a biological child, the adoption of a child, or placement of child to a foster home. Paternity leave is for fathers, while maternity leave is the referred to the time the mother takes off work with birth  of a child or a new placement of a new child.  “Paid maternity leave is more common than paid paternity leave, but this usually only applies to situations where the woman has actually given birth to a child” (DiLascio). Maternity leave is usually with comes with paid leave, which is the time given to employees to spend with their child, that includes all or part of their usual income. While unpaid leave, is referred to the time given to employees to spend with their child, but without any pay.

The united states is one of the few countries that does not give federal laws to back up the use of paid parental leave. “A 2012 report by the Families and Work Institute found that roughly 58 percent of employers provide some form of paid maternity leave, though only 5 percent offered full pay” (DiLascio). Yet these paid maternity leave were mostly a percent of their pay. As well as the idea that these are only a few companies that only pay women a small portion once they give birth to spend time with their newborn child. “The Family and Medical Leave Act, passed in 1993 and revised in 2009, addressed some of these issues”(DiLascio). Issues prior to the Family and Medical Leave Act also know as FMLA, are the nonexist time for maternity leave, as well as no paternity leave for the fathers.  Even with the FMLA there is still many issues, most of these limit on who can get paternity leave. Some of these include the amount of time the spent working in that job, and the amount of employees that company has. Even with the FMLA fathers still are least like to get paid paternity leave. “In 2004, California became the first state to require certain companies to provide paid leave for new parents by passing the California Paid Family Leave Act” (DiLascio). Since the writing of the FMLA many states have written their own laws to fill in the holes within federal paternity laws. Yet even with these laws both state and federal there are many people who can not get paternity leave.

With the establishment of the FMLA both genders have the opportunity to take leave when their newborn child is born. “FMLA was written in gender-neutral terms in part in response to a California law that required employers to provide only maternity leave, which was struck down in 1984 because it discriminated against men by failing to grant paternity leave”(Pesonen). Since the signing of the FMLA by president Clinton, it is more likely that people would take paternity leave or maternity leave, because of the whole download (1)thinking existing. Yet there are still the people who would not take the chance of losing time from work and their pay check. “Currently, six states have their own laws providing for paid family leave, all of which require payment of less than the employee’s usual salary” (Pesonen). Even with the little bit of money that is given to parents that take paternity leave or maternity leave, it still can help in the long run. Even with a few bumps and problems the FMLA has helped a lot to change for the equality for parents to take of their child. “FMLA provides eligible employees up to twelve weeks of unpaid leave to care for a new child, as well as to attend to serious illness afflicting the employee or an immediate family member” (Pesonen). With the current paternity leave and maternity leave stance in the united states people have the right to leave work and attend to their child, yet it is possible to do so if a majority of people can not give the chance of losing a paycheck that can give food to their family.

Paternity leave, is something that is growing very popular. A Lot of parents take advantage, of being able to spend time with their newborn. A special time that lets the parents, and the child to bond with each other.  “When Jim Butcher, head of communications for Spotify Ltd., took time off from work after his child was born in Sweden, he simply joined the nearly percent of Swedish fathers who do so”(Porter). Fathers in modern times are more involved in raising children. This allows them to create a bigger bond with the child and father. “Fathers’ involvement early in children’s development both improves the father’s relationships with the mother and child and creates healthy family responsibility-sharing habits that benefit all parents as they transition back to paid employment”( Porter). Children gain an attachment with their family members in the first few months they are born. “Considering the psychological evidence detailing the importance of parents spending time with newborn children in the first few months to a year after childbirth, the lack of leave for men means they cannot bond with their children in the same way as mothers who are granted leave under the laws do” (Melamed). Children in the first few months, learn bonding from visual seeing, their world. Most can not see a far distance, but enough to be able to see the people’s faces, to bond with them. Which explains why children are always attached to their mother, or mother figure parent. Yet it is not always easy for the mother of the picture to handle all the responsibility of a child.

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With the old say it takes a village to raise a child, it does take a lot of work to raise a family. Majority of times women, get help with their children even if it does not come from their father.  “Over the years, women who are engaged in either public or private working environment use this period to take care of the newborn even if some are assisted by parents, friends, relatives or hired-assistants called babysitters” (Thompson). Yet with most new mothers, financially it is impossible for these women to get babysitters, so they try to take care of the newborn by themself. Which should not be probable if most of them can get help from the other parent in the picture. The simple problem that stops this from happening is that financially it is hard to leave work without pay. “She further said: Where I worked before, I was given maternity leave but no monetary compensation and I wouldn’t want my husband to take it because we will not be able to feed so he has to go and look for money”(Thompson). The majority of middle class and low-income families can not risk losing pay just to spend time with their family. This can cause emotional and psychological problems to the whole family mostly to the mother.

One of these emotional problems can come in the form of postpartum depression.  “Postpartum depression, defined as nonpsychotic depression occurring up to 1 year after childbirth, is a crippling mood disorder that erodes away at the joy and happiness of new mothers  PPD is recognized as an international public health concern” (Hansotte). One of the few problems that, many new mothers face, that can harm the mother and the child at the same time. With a growing increase of mothers harming themselves in the period after childbirth. “The most significant factor in the duration of PPD is the time it takes for the new mother to receive adequate, individualized treatment in the form of pharmacological, psychotherapeutic, and/or social support intervention” (Hansotte). Social support is one of the most common treatments for any emotional or psychological problem. The use of a partner to help them support in the change from childless to having a child, can help them a lot. Yet one of the reasons that many mothers do have the chance of having postpartum depression is because of low-income reasons. “There are two main types of postpartum depressive disorders: postpartum blues and postpartum depression”(Fiala). Even with the small difference between both can cause real damage to a family.  “The prevalence rate for postpartum blues varies from 15.3% to 84%” (Fiala). Postpartum depression is a very common thing in women. “Symptoms usually begin three to 4 days after delivery and tend to resolve by day 12” (Fiala). Postpartum depression, and postpartum blues can usually be helped with social  support, as well as only last up to twelve days maybe even a little longer. Which let employers the chance to at least give twelve days to let the partner of the new mother, help with the transition of bringing a new family member in the house. “FMLA is gender-neutral, so men and women may both take a full twelve weeks of parental leave” (Pesonen). Twelve days is way less than the required full twelve weeks. “The first effort is the Family and Medical Leave Act (“FMLA”), which provides parents up to twelve weeks of unpaid leave in the year following the birth or adoption of a child” (Melamed). The FMLA gives the opportunity to take paternity leave, and maternity leave, yet many states already understand that unpaid leave is not enough so they put their own laws to give some sort of paid leave. The only response to this problem is to put a paid leave federal law.

The main concern  that people have with paid leave for both mother and father figures, business-losing-money-862x575is that business would lose money, for giving it to someone who is not working. Someone that is not giving time and effort to benefit the company or economy. “The reality is, for many companies – of all sizes – paid maternity leave is simply too expensive” (Miletsky).  Many people who are against paid leave both maternity, and paternity state that it will harm the company of the new parent. “It’s not unusual for companies to run on very tight budgets, with little wiggle room for additional expenses” (Miletsky). With the growing use of maternity, and paternity leave more people leave, causing people to say that they make companies lose profit. 

Yet many countries have shown growth in companies that give paid leave.  People that take leave also have seen benefits in their life and work. “These positive outcomes include “retention of valued staff and reduced recruitment costs, mitigated absenteeism, enhanced organizational commitment and staff motivation, improved relations among employees, and various indices of performance and productivity” (Porter).  As stated before with the short story of the man who wanted to take paternity leave, he stated that dealing with work and the baby made him tired and affected his work.  The use of a few weeks can help someone work harder and make the workplace more family friendly.  “Additionally, several country-specific studies have reported positive correlations between family friendly policies and improved economies” (Porter). Many countries have already passed laws that allow parents to take paid leave when their new child has arrived. “For example, in 2007, the Australian government reported associations between use of parental leave and positive business outcomes such as lower staff turnover and increased productivity, sales and profitability” (Porter). Other countries have already seen benefits in paid paternity leave, and paid maternity leave.  “That same year, Japan reported a positive correlation between family-friendly policies and practices such as child-care leave, reduced hours of work, and improved business performance, including accelerated growth in sales” ( Porter).  The benefits of paid leave for both mothers and father figures, do benefit the workplace and the family of the employees. “Indeed, the Japanese report argued that businesses that engaged in family-friendly practices attracted more women returning to work after giving birth, as well as mothers reentering the workforce after leaving less family-friendly jobs elsewhere”(Porter). With the benefits of looking as a good company or establish, can both give people a reason to work their, and buyers to shop or work with that company. “In Norway, mothers may take 46 weeks at 100% pay or 56 weeks at 80% pay, and fathers may take ten weeks at 100% pay”(Pesonen). The united states is one of the few countries that does not have a federal law that gives paid leave for paternity leave. “She deserves to have a baby without sacrificing her job. A mother deserves a day off to care for a sick child or sick parent without running into hardship—and you know what, a father does, too. It’s time to do away with workplace policies that belong in a “Mad Men” episode. This year, let’s all come together— Congress, the White House, and businesses from Wall Street to Main Street—to give every woman the opportunity she deserves. Because I firmly believe when women succeed, America succeeds. – President Barack Obama” (Pesonen). President Obama said that mothers should have the opportunity to take care of the child. Yet it is scientifically shown that it is also important for a father to spend time with their child. Most importantly to the child of the new parents, is the benefit of having both parents spending time with their child. Yet many people can not spend time with their child for the fear of losing pay checks with the loss of time from work.

With paternity leave being a more mainstream idea in modern days, there are still many problems with laws. More and more fathers are taking time off of their work to spend a few weeks to months to spend time with their new growing family. Many federal laws and state laws give paternity leave to certain people. Yet many people would not take paternity leave, because this is not paid paternity leave. The few times that it is paid paternity leave it is a percent of their actual pay from their time of working. Even with a percent of pay, most families can benefit a lot from it.

    Annotated Bibliography

Thompson, O O. “Maternity Leave, what about Paternity Leave?: Child care and Social Inclusion question in Nigeria.” (Jun 2016): 6966-6974. Web. April 2017. The document Maternity leave, what about paternity leave, goes over the benefits of paternity leave for both the mother, and child. It also goes over stories, that tell what benefits might pay paternity leave do for the family.

DiLascio, Tracey M. “Parental Leave Laws: Overview.” (2016): n. pag. Web. April 2017. Parental Leave Laws: Overview is a document that goes over the laws that protect paternity leave in the united states. As well as the state laws in certain states that better protect the use of paternity leave.

Porter, Monica. “COMBATING GENDER INEQUALITY AT HOME AND AT WORK: WHY THE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION SHOULD PROVIDE FOR MANDATORY PAID PATERNITY LEAVE.” (2015): n. pag. Web. April  2017. The benefits of paid Paternity leave, for the child and the mother. As well as the benefits it has on the father, and the ability for him to actually take his paternity leave.

Melamed, Abraham Z. “DADDY WARRIORS The Battle To Equalize Paternity Leave In The United States By Breaking Gender Stereotypes: A Fourteenth Amendment Equal Protection Analysis.” (2014): n. pag. Web. 28 Apr. 2017. The benefits of paternity leave for the child, as well as the benefits for the father. This is mostly in the use of psychological bonding, with the child for the first few weeks in the child’s life.

Pesonen, Amanda. “ENCOURAGING WORK-FAMILY BALANCE TO CORRECT GENDER IMBALANCE: A COMPARISON OF THE FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT AND THE ICELAND ACT ON MATERNITY/PATERNITY AND PARENTAL LEAVE. .” (2016): n. pag. Web. 28 Apr. 2017. The laws and looks on paternity leave, as in other countries mainly in Iceland, compared to the laws and looks on paternity leave in the united states. This document will be mostly used to see how the united states stands in its current look at paternity leave.

Fiala, Adam, Jan Švancara, Jana Klánová, and Tomáš Kašpárek. “Sociodemographic and delivery risk factors for developing postpartum depression in a sample of 3233 mothers from the Czech ELSPAC study.” BMC Psychiatry 17.1 (2017): n. pag. Web. 28 Apr. 2017. The possibility of postpartum depression  in women, as well as the harm it has on the woman who gave birth. This document is mostly used to discuss one of the problems that not  having paternity leave.

Hansotte, Elinor, Shirley I. Payne, and Suzanne M. Babich. “Positive postpartum depression screening practices and subsequent mental health treatment for low-income women in Western countries: a systematic literature review.” Public Health Reviews 38.1 (2017): n. pag. Web. 28 Apr. 2017. The definition of postpartum depression is told in this document, the theory behind the reasoning of postpartum depression.  One of these reasons is the absence of social help for the mother with the child. Something that can be easily solved with the use of paternity leave for the father. As well as the harm that postpartum depression has on the child.

Miletsky, Jay. “Sorry New Moms, but Companies Shouldn’t Be Required to Provide Paid Maternity Leave.” Pucker Mob | We’re All Part of It. N.p., 31 Jan. 2014. Web. 28 Apr. 2017.

Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2017.