Native Americans

  • Pontiac-Attempts an Indian alliance
  • Local Indian man has vision from the “ Great Sprit” that they are straying from their roots
  • Occom- He was a Mohegan that became a missionary to teach Indian people
  • Logan- His speech is a response to the white people after the Yellow Creek Massacre And subsequent treaty
  • Was cool with white people, then family got murdered.
  • Speech ends with how he’s sought vengeance without fear but no one would be there to mourn him if he died.
  • Red Jacket orator who brought an answer to white people forcing religion
  • “We don’t want to destroy your religion we just want our own”

Benjamin Franklin: The Way to Wealth

  • Ben Franklin is motivated af
  • Introduces his story by saying that he heard a man speak this to a crowd outside an auction
  • Helpful one liners
  • “Woman and wine game in deceit makes the wealth small and the wants great.”
  • “Early to bed, early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.”
  • .“There’s no game without pain.”
  • “Sloth, like rust, consumes faster than labor wears, while the used key is always bright.”
  • “He that goes a-borrowing goes a-sorrowing.”
  • Basically the first self-help book, but not a scam.
  • He’s offering help to people that are complaining about the taxes of the time and are concerned about how they’re going to have money to eat and make it through life.
  • This is the remedy to that, Franklin essentially saying work hard and be motivated and you’ll make it in life.
  • At the end of the day, citizens act as if they take his advice, yet they proceed to buy everything available at the auction.
  • Helped develop American ideals

Olaudah Equiano: The Interesting Narrative of the Life

  • Slave narrative
  • Two different experiences—(his) native slavers and European slavers; he writes of the differing treatments he received
  • One of the only resources about the Middle Passage and the conditions on board
  • Equiano writes heavily of the horrors he experienced, but there are moments that show his innocence (e.g. when he writes about the magic of the fish and the ship stopping) because he was brought into this life at a young age
  • His purpose in writing this was to help abolish slavery. The final paragraph of Chapter 2 shows the importance of American identity regarding awareness of the cruelty of slavery to reach a point of future equality: “Surely, this is a new refinement in cruelty, which, while it has no advantage to atone for it, thus aggravates distress, and adds fresh horrors even to the wretchedness of slavery.”
  • Argues for equality

Crevecoeur: Letter from an American Farmer

  • Comparison between the physical environment and the societies that emerge from it.
  • Explores the conditions and aspects of the new American country and what constitutes the identity of its citizens.
  • New ideals for a new world.

Thomas Paine: Common Sense and The Crisis No. 1

  • This piece of literature reached 1/3 of the American population within a month (120,000 copies)
  • His message revolved around defying and/or revolting against English monarchy.
  • The special rhetoric he used made it possible for all Americans to understand. (i.e. simple facts, plain arguments, and common sense)
  • Paine’s timing was perfect. He published “common sense” after 3 major battles were fought and the continental army was formed.
  • Thomas Paine is usually credited for The American Revolution and the Independence of The American People.
  • Called for independence
  • We are multicultural, from all of Europe not just Britain

Thomas Jefferson: The Declaration of Independence

  • It’s important to note what was taken out of the document condemnation of slavery was taken out because South Carolina and Georgia would not ratify and sign if it was included
  • Inclusion of all men being endowed with inalienable rights DOES NOT actually mean everyone- does not apply to slaves, women, Native Americans, etc.
  • Really only applies to white men who owned land
  • Removed entire paragraph condemning the King of Britain for encouraging slavery and not acting like a good Christian ruler
  • “All men are created equal” First time it was written down
  • “Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness

Judith Sargent Murray: On the Equality of the Sexes

  • Women are as equal, capable, and logical as men