Quick Write

What issues do you know about or believe affect you directly? What issues are related to your major or future career? What topics do you care about? Come up with a few topics to choose from.

Assignment 1 Notes

  • For MLA, use first and last name to introduce people, then only last names when referencing them.
  • Typos and errors. We draft and revise to catch any typos and errors. For final proofreading, read aloud or us text-to-speech software like Natural Reader (see resources page).
  • Don’t tell, show. Don’t say, do. Instead of “This narrative will…” just do it.
  • Use the quote sandwich when citing quotes and paraphrases.

Specific Research Questions

The topic or issue will help narrow down what you can research for your report. A specific research question will help focus your research to a specific area.

A broad question like “What is global warming?” is way to big to write about and try to research in our time allotted. Plus, that one has already been answered. A better, more narrow question on this topic would be, “How does global warming affect the California shorelines?

This research question narrows down a broad topic and connects it to you. If you are a Business major, you might want to ask, “What are carbon credits, and how might they affect the California economy?” This question connects your interest or topic to your major.

Report Purpose and Topic

Answer questions.

Review what is already known about a subject.

Report new knowledge.

The Art of Quoting

Chapter 3, introduces us to the art of quoting. It warns that quoting too little or too much can hurt an argument. It is very important to frame all quotations.

According to the book, what is the purpose of a citation?

When is the use of a citation appropriate?

The article warns about quoting too little or quoting too much. Do not assume the quotations speak for themselves. Two key ways to integrate quotations that you need to keep in mind.

  1. Choose quotations wisely
  2. Surround quotations in a frame, Quote Sanwich

Quote Sandwich

  1. Introduce the quotation p. 46
  2. Quote, relevant
  3. Explain Quotation p. 47

quotation sandwich


  • China is the largest nation in the world.
  • A McDonald’s Big Mac® has 550 calories.

Why do these need support? Where can you find it?

Wortham “I Had a Nice Time with You Tonight. On the App”

JENNA WORTHAM, “I Had a Nice Time with You Tonight. On the App” [p. 393]

In small groups of two or three, answer these questions.

  1. What is her purpose in writing this article?
  2. How does she use quotes?


Use a quote from the article in a quotation sandwich.

I’ve found that all of my conversational habits have matured beyond the static phone dates of yore.