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The image above can be depicted as a political image although it is gruesome the T-shirt is an image that reflects on Mayor Bill De Blasio.  American citizens and law maker in the state of New York were wanting Bill De Blasio to resign as mayor for having blood on his hand with the killing of two of New York’s finest police officers who were shot in the head point blank range execution style, by a thug quoting “They take one of ours we take two of theirs”. With a reference to Eric Garner. Eric Garner was a young black male that had been killed supposedly by the New York Police department. With the grand jury whom decided not to indict police officer Daniel Pantaleo which then sparked close to fifty racial protests due to what they called police brutality.  “What police officers felt yesterday after that press conference is that they were thrown under the bus. That they were out there doing a difficult job in the middle of the night, protecting the rights of those to protest, protecting our sons and daughters, and the mayor was behind microphones like this throwing them under the bus. After Friday night’s shooting, officers Ramos and Liu were pronounced dead at Woodhull Hospital.” (CBS News) When mayor Bill De Blasio came to speak at a press conference held there, numerous cops turned their backs on him in silent protest.  When this happened Mayor, De Blasio did nothing but just turned his back.   It is pretty sad to see the entire police department turns their back on the mayor in a form of protest and stated if they were killed in the line of duty that they didn’t wat De Blasio present at their funeral.

Patrick Lynch New York’s police union president in a press release statement.  “A lone gunman identified as Ismaaiyl Brinsley shot the two officers in their patrol car Friday night in Brooklyn’s Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood before committing suicide on a subway platform.  “There is blood on many hands tonight — those that incited violence on the streets under the guise of protest, that tried to tear down what New York police officers did every day. That blood on the hands starts on the steps of City Hall, in the office of the mayor”. (Washington Times). Other events that led to the blood on the hands of mayor Bill De Blasio was the fact that he did nothing when racial hatred striked New York city on Wall street when hundreds of people, mostly African Americans went to the streets chanting “What do we want dead cops? When do we want it? Now.”  New York’s police department blamed De Blasio for all of his little friends in occupy Wall Street where he did not care about the entire police force of New York City. Bill DE Blasio needs to start caring about the people of New York, and also start caring about one of the greatest police force in the nation the state of New York police force.  Though the events triggered by thugs, and African Americans are a form of “racial protest” as quoted by Mayor De Blasio.  In the United States of America protests are allowed to occur, but they have to be uniform, just like you can’t yell fire in a crowded theater you can’t go around stating that you want dead cops either. In the case of Schenck v. United States The supreme court ruled unanimously that the First Amendment, though it protects freedom of expression, it does not protect against free speech when someone could be harmed due to inflicted violence in dangerous situations.  In each of these events which is depicted through the image above can relate to the issue of racism and part of the “Black Lives Matter” movement. Yes, people do have rights that we know cannot be infringed on, but taking innocent lives is not the solution to a bigger issue.

The use of pathos can be used in this image as it will have an emotional appeal to a general audience of both for, and against the issue of racism and “black live matter”.   Black lives matter was a “civil rights” movement amongst the African American community as they didn’t seem to like, and thought that they were being treated unfairly, not only by the government but also by various police stations. “The “black lives matter” movement has focused attention on the prison-industrial complex and state violence as two powerful oppressors. While it’s important to prosecute police for unjust brutalities, she said: “We need to think about holding a system accountable, not just individual cops. Thinking ‘oh we got a bad cop’ takes the focus off of the fact that part of the job of police forces now is to contain and control black communities, particularly black and brown youth. That’s in the job description.”(Warren)

 

In order to address systemic racial discrimination in the justice system and our capitalist economy, Ransby argued, “We need more people working on the outside [of institutions such as government, nonprofits, etc.] who are not just navigating the labyrinth of bureaucracy inside various kinds of structures.  Though the African Americans thought they were being targeted by the local police agencies across the nation. We need to stop clamming police brutality and start looking to our national and state governments on how to fix a broken system on more trainings to stop the use of lethal force in America amongst or local, and federal law enforcement agencies.

Our local law enforcement needs to either team up with the CIA, and or FBI alongside with The Department of justice to keep what is working and fix what is not working.  The use of lethal force amongst our law enforcement personnel is wrong and should be dealt with accordingly. One way that can be dealt is the use of The Department of Justice police misconduct provision code (42 U.S.C. § 14141). Which states “This law makes it unlawful for State or local law enforcement officers to engage in a pattern or practice of conduct that deprives persons of rights protected by the Constitution or laws of the United States.  The remedies available under this law do not provide for individual monetary relief for the victims of the misconduct. Rather, they provide for injunctive relief, such as orders to end the misconduct and changes in the agency’s policies and procedures that resulted in or allowed the misconduct. There is no private right of action under this law; only DOJ may file suit for violations of the Police Misconduct Provision”. (DOJ)

There is already a provision against police brutality in America as seen above the Department of Justice holds any person or police office accountable for their actions.  President Obama once stated that sometime police departments get some bad ideas in training stuck in their heads and this carries on to the general public as they think it is ok because this is the way that they were trained.  People need to stop blaming the police and start looking at what they are doing in their lives, and see what can be fixed, also some of the use of lethal force or as some like to call it police brutality was used against the said person because they were not complying with the commands of the law enforcement personnel.  When an office says to stop and don’t move you do so.  If an officer says put your hands behind your back do so most likely you are not under arrest but are being detained for your safety and the safety of the said police office.

The evidence from black lives matter movement only correlates to a small percentage of the general population.    According to the U.S. Census estimates of 2015 Blacks made up 13% of the population. However, in 2015 they accounted for 26% of those that were killed by police, in 2016, 24%, and in 2017, 22% of all those killed by police. In other words, Blacks were the victims of the lethal use of force by police at nearly twice their rate in the general population. Whites make up the plurality of victims of police use of lethal force (45% in 2017), BUT they also make the majority of the population (62% in 2015).(society pages) This can be seen in the world today though there are many killings amongst African Americans by police personnel they only relate to a very small percentage of the general population  to that of white Caucasian Americans at almost double that of the African Americans in the use of lethal force amongst police forces in the United States.   When African Americans state that they are the race that is most often killed by police personnel in the use of lethal force they are dead wrong.  Caucasian American’s strictly outnumbered the African American death rate amongst police personnel because this is what the media portrays, in other words this is what the media covers to make it seem like it is a bigger issue than it really is.

Annotated Bibliography

“Addressing Police Misconduct Laws Enforced By The Department Of Justice.” The United States Department of Justice, http://www.justice.gov/crt/addressing-police-misconduct-laws-enforced-department-justice

This source describes laws in place on police brutality and how they state that officers are held accountable for their actions.  I am using this source to show emphasis on how there are laws set up to protect people from police brutality and how the provision might need to be used by all police departments.  DOJ is a reliable source because they created the laws and how they are to be enforced.

 

Abigail Warren |, and 2015 April 13. “Cornell Chronicle.” Scholar Leads Talk on ‘Black Lives Matter’ Movement, news.cornell.edu/stories/2015/04/scholar-leads-talk-black-lives-matter-movement.

The scholarly article by Abagail Warren refers to the Black Lives Matter movement, and how it correlates to the issues of Bill De Blasio having blood on his hands.  I am using this source to emphasize of how Bill DE Blasio and the black lives matter movement co relates with Bill De Blasio having blood on his hands.  This is a scholarly article from Cornell University I believe that this is a reliable source due to the fact that the author has done research in this field.

Ernst, Douglas. “De Blasio Has ‘Blood on the Hands’ after NYPD Shooting, Says Union President.” The Washington Times, The Washington Times, 21 Dec. 2014,

Patrick Lynch’s press statement can be used to show that Bill De Blasio has blood on his hands.  It also shows of how New York’s finest doing their job to protect the citizen of New York.  I am using this source to relate of how Mr. Lynch states that Bill De Blasio has blood on his hands, and how it starts with the office of the mayor and not the police department.  I think Washington time is a reliable source because they are using a statement from Mr. Lynch the union president of the police force of New York.

 

CBS/AP. “Eric Garner Fallout: Cops Feel ‘Thrown under the Bus,” Union Says.” CBS News, CBS Interactive, 4 Dec. 2014, http://www.cbsnews.com/news/eric-garner-case-reaction-from-new-york-city-mayor-riles-police-union/

Police officers felt that Bill De Blasio threw them under the bus.  While mourning the loss of two fellow officers Bill De Blasio just went on speaking on how the police force is bad.  I am using this source to show detail of how the police thought Bill De Blasio turned his back on them.  I believe that CBS news can be a reliable source to show how Bill De Blasio turned his back on the police force of New York.

Sociology Toolbox POLICE KILLING OF BLACKS Data for 2015 2016 2017 Comments

The SocietyPages

https://thesocietypages.org/toolbox/police-killing-of-blacks/

The source society pages give statistics on how Black killing and White killings amongst police officer differs. I am using this source to emphasize that killings by the use of lethal force among the police differs greatly amongst Blacks and whites severely.  I believe that society pages is a credible source because they are gathering data to make a claim and also use the statistics of the general population.