Journals 140 Final Exam 100
Rough Drafts 80 Worksheet 20
Peer Review 80 Tutoring  20
Essay 1 100 Workshops  10
Essay 2 150 Annotated Bib 80
Essay 3 150 Presentation 50
Essay 4 150 Participation 100
Midterm 100 Extra Credit
TOTAL 1300

Using Sources

What are the ways you can use sources in your essay?

  • Explain
  • Provide information
  • Examples
  • Credibility
  • Quotes
  • Research data
  • Ideas!

Quote Sandwich

One of the most important skills you can learn in academic writing is how to incorporate sources. To help remember this, we will use the metaphor of the quotation sandwich.

The Quote Sandwich. Introduce the Quote, Quote, explain the quote.

Do not drive by quote. When you quote or use a source you have to explain it and use it. The quote sandwich is why you cannot start or end a paragraph with a quote.

Annotated Bib

The annotated bibliography is intended to help you with your research project.

An annotated bib is a works cited or references page with additional information added to each citation. You begin with the correct reference citation for your sources. For this assignment we will have at least five sources.

For this assignment, you should include:

  1. Summary of Source, 2-4 sentences
  2. How you are using it in your report, 1-3 sentences
  3. Reliability of source, 1-3 sentences

Krikorian, Mark. “Two Immigration Priorities.” National Review, Dec, 2016, pp. 18-20, SIRS Issues

This article goes into detail on some of the other less talked about factors of the changes in how we deal with illegal immigrants under our new president and his policies. The author is the director of the Center for Immigration Studies so I assume he is a credible expert in immigration. I will use this source to get more specific in my critique of the border wall proposal.

Intro to Research

Scholarly research is research that is published by people with specialized knowledge on what they are researching. It is peer reviewed, reviewed by other researchers and specialist in the field, and is generally trustworthy. Blogs, Newspapers, Magazines are not Scholarly but are popular sources.

academic_research No subscription needed. Good place to look at the main issues around a topic.

Google Scholar Google academic database search. Great place to start.

Crafton Hills Library Databases  You have to sign in to access the library databases off campus. Check out EBSCO Host Academic Search Complete


  • Due Monday Annotated Bibliography 20 XP