On May 27th, 1991, a 911 call was placed stating there was a naked boy staggering in the streets. He looked to be hurt, beaten, bruised, and bleeding. When officers arrived, a man named Jeffrey Dahmer was trying to take the boy back to his apartment stating this boy was his nineteen-year-old lover and that he had drank too much, which caused an argument between them. Police went back to the apartment with the two and Dahmer showed them pictures he had taken of the boy to prove they were lovers. Police believed the story Dahmer had told them. It is believed that they did not look sufficiently into situation due to societal times being racist and homophobic. They failed to notice there was a hole drilled in the head of this boy where Jeffrey had injected acid into his brain in attempt to make him his own personal sex zombie. They also did not notice the odor emanating from the dead body of Dahmer’s previous victim that was still lying in another room of the apartment. The police officers released the boy to Dahmer deeming the situation a lover’s quarrel. This boy was a fourteen-year-old boy named Konerak Sinthasomphone who had been propositioned by Dahmer to pose for photographs in exchange for money. Shortly after police left the apartment, Jeffrey murdered Konerak. He was Dahmer’s thirteenth victim (Evans). Jeffrey Jeffrey Dahmer was a serial killer that murdered 17 young boys and men between the years 1978 to 1991. He drugged, strangled, and dismembered his victims, often engaging in acts of necrophilia and cannibalism (Serial Killers Documentaries). Dahmer’s actions made him a monster. Jeffrey Jerome Cohen’s Monster Culture, Thesis IV, The Monster Dwells at the Gates of Difference states, “The monster is difference made flesh, come to dwell among us.” When he committed these murders, he became different in society. He was able to kill people, have sex with them after death, slice them open and pull out their insides, and even consume pieces of their bodies, such as the heart. Normally people do not do things like this. When stories like this arise, it usually brings out disgust. So, then why is society fascinated with these types of monsters? There are so many biographies, documentaries, interviews, books, movies, and TV shows on serial killers for people to see. Cohen states in Thesis VI, Fear of the Monster is Really a Kind of Desire, that, “More often, however, the monster retains a haunting complexity.…[and] will always dangerously entice.” People are drawn in to hear the stories of who the monsters are and what the monsters have done because they want to satisfy a curiosity by understanding why someone would do such horrible things. So, the question that comes to mind is, what led Jeffrey Dahmer to kill? Mental illness played a big role. It caused him to have unhealthy thoughts he could not rid himself of, and then a set of circumstances suddenly left him with no one in his life which easily broke his already unstable psychological condition. Taking a closer look into his life can bring a better understanding to why Jeffrey Dahmer turned to a life of murder.
In a two-night special airing on Oxygen, Dahmer on Dahmer: A Serial Killer Speaks, Jeffrey’s father, Lionel, and stepmother, Shari, speak out about Jeffrey’s life. They say that his mother, Joyce, suffered from mental illness and took 27 pills a day while she was pregnant with Jeffrey (Tron). The staff from the Mayo Clinic, a medical center, gives some information on mental illness. They say it runs in the family and increases an individual’s chance to develop a mental illness if they have a blood relative who suffers from one as well. They also explain there is an increased chance if a fetus is exposed to stress factors, toxins, alcohol or drugs during gestation. While it is uncertain without medical records to know exactly what pills Joyce may have been taking while pregnant with Jeffrey, an article written by Dr. Ananya Mandal tells about a drug called Thalidomide. This was a medication used back around the time Joyce was pregnant with Jeffrey. It was given to treat anxiety, tension, and morning sickness in expectant mothers. It caused birth defects in thousands of babies before medical professionals realized it could harm a fetus. This is not to say Joyce was taking this exact pill, but it shows the danger of the effects of the pills that could have been prescribed to pregnant women during this time. With 27 pills a day, could it safely be said that none of them were dangerous to a fetus? Although there is reason to believe these pills could have contributed to Jeffrey’s mental illness, not every pregnant woman who took Thalidomide, or other pills that were prescribed around this time, birthed serial killers, but Jeffrey had different circumstances. This was only one factor that caused risks to his mental stability. The dangers extended beyond the womb.
Lionel and Shari also say that Jeffrey was rarely held as a baby. Lionel worked a lot and Joyce would only hold him long enough to change a diaper or take a photo. She did not want anyone else to hold him, touch him, or breathe on him because she was afraid of germs (Tron). Although she may have been trying to be a cautious mother and protect her child, this was not good for him. An article in Psychology Today, written by Dr. Darcia Narvaez, says babies need to be held. She states, “Moreover, limited touch in early life leads to an underdevelopment of serotonin receptors, endogenous opioids and oxytocin—the chemicals that are related to happiness.” These chemicals are important to one’s mental well-being. According to the Mayo Clinic staff, two risks for mental illness are being neglected as a child, and impairment of neurotransmitters, “…brain chemicals that carry signals to other parts of your brain and body.” Without physical touch as a baby, Dahmer was neglected, and this very well could have caused the neurotransmitters in his brain to function incorrectly, which would lead to a deficit in his abilities to form healthy relationships later in life. The American Psychological Association tells us of a Romanian orphanage in which the caregivers tended to the physical needs of the babies like bathing, diaper changes, and being fed but their emotional needs were not cared for (Weir). They were not held longer than necessary to tend to their physical needs. These children were followed by doctors for fourteen years after their stay in this orphanage and it was concluded that children in neglectful environments, “…showed deficits in socio-emotional behaviors and experienced more psychiatric disorders.” (Weir). Not caring for a child’s emotional needs impacts their mental state years into their lives. By the time Jeffrey grew to a small child, he had not only one or two risks for mental illness, but three. With mental illness already hovering over his head, as he grew, the illness did as well.
When Dahmer was the age of eight his family moved several times before ending up in Bath, Ohio (Serial Killers Documentaries). After the move he started to become withdrawn. This was the first signs of his mental illness (Mayo Clinic Staff). As time went on he grew into a teenager and because of being withdrawn, he did not form many friendships, and the few he had were not close friends. The staff from the Mayo Clinic says, “Most mental illnesses don’t improve on their own, and if untreated, a mental illness may get worse over time and cause serious problems.” Dahmer was not treated for mental illness, and it did get worse. When he was around fourteen or fifteen he began feeling attracted to men and those feelings then started to be intertwined with thoughts of killing and dismembering men. The Mayo Clinic staff states, “Mental illness symptoms can affect emotions, thoughts and behaviors.” Those thoughts were created by his illness. With no close relationships, he had no one to talk with. Dahmer never spoke about this with anyone which caused the thoughts to haunt him. He tried to push them out of his mind. In an article about suppressing emotions, Psychologist Kristalyn Salters- Pedneault states, “Emotional suppression is a type of emotion regulation strategy, strategies that we use to try to make uncomfortable thoughts and feelings more manageable.” He did not like the fact that these thoughts were in his head. In attempts to rid his mind of this, he even turned to alcohol. Kristalyn also says alcohol use to bury feelings works short-term but does not have lasting effects. Alcohol may have eased Jeffrey’s mind for a while, but those thoughts always returned. Pedneault tells about a famous study conducted with a group of people instructed to push the thought of a white bear away and it resulted in them thinking about it more. She says, “Essentially, if you try to push away a thought on some topic, you will end up having more thoughts about that topic.” (Pedneault). So, he may have tried to push those thoughts away, drink them away, but in the end, he was ultimately increasing those thoughts. This caused his thoughts to turn into desires, and in turn, the desires turned to obsession. While his obsession was slowly forming within him, his home life was not exactly easy.
At the age of ten, Joyce was hospitalized for her mental illness (Serial Killers Documentaries). After that time, the marriage of his parents started to fall apart. The constant fighting increasingly escalated until they wanted to divorce. When Jeffrey was eighteen years old, Lionel moved out to a nearby hotel and then, unbeknownst to him, Joyce moved out and took Dave, Jeffrey’s little brother, along with her. Joyce did this because there was a battle to which parent would get custody of Dave because he was still a minor, but Jeffrey was a legal adult, so no one considered where he would go. She told Jeffrey she was leaving and instructed him not to tell his father. Although Jeffrey was a legal adult, he had just graduated high school and had no job. He was left with no regards to his feelings, or what he would do from there. This hurt him, created a loneliness inside him, and a fear of abandonment. These feelings caused Dahmer to have a need for relationships that, once he obtained, he could not let go of them. According to an article written by mental health Dr. Sarvada Tiwari in PubMed Central, loneliness is, “A subjective, negative feeling related to the deficient social relations.” Jeffrey was already socially deficient in relationships. Then his family, the people he had known his whole life, departed, leaving him with no one. Tiwari also states that, “…loneliness leads to poorer physical and mental health.” This incident contributed to his already fragile mental state. Tiwari also says, “Every one of us has an innate desire of intimacy or a need to be related to others. This need is essential for our development as a human being.” He needed his family. This was a traumatic point in his life that emotionally scarred him and left him pathologically lonely forever. This was his breaking point. Genetics, pills as a fetus, and neglect caused him to form a mental illness. That mental illness became stronger as time went on, causing him to obsess with his desire to murder men, and being abandoned caused him to act on that obsession.
A short time after his family left, he drove past a hitchhiker named Steven Hicks (Serial Killers Documentaries). Jeffrey stopped, and Steven accepted a ride as well as Dahmer’s invitation to spend time at his house. After hanging around a bit, Hicks decided it was time to go. In a drastic attempt to not be abandoned, Jeffrey resorted to murder. From there, 16 more victims would follow throughout the years. Each one being murdered so Dahmer would not be left by anyone again. He was so desperate to keep them around, he held onto their bodies as long as he possibly could. Decomposition surpassed his need to be with them. He then attempted to create sex zombies by injecting acid into their brains, but they never survived longer than a day. His emotional scars left an emptiness so deeply entrenched inside of him that he could not and did not want to let go of his victims. His mental illness caused illogical thoughts that led him to believe there was one way he could hold onto them forever. He ate his victims. It made them a part of him. Jeffrey fits in with Cohen’s Monster Thesis V, The Monster Polices the Borders of the Possible. This thesis explains how there is a line between social norms and monstrosities. By crossing that line, one becomes a monster. He had already crossed the line just by being a serial killer, but not all serial killers eat their victims. This is an extreme that not many would attempt, let alone accomplish. Most would probably call Jeffrey Dahmer a monster, but what was the monster behind the monster?
For Dahmer, it was mental illness. In Monster Thesis VII, The Monster Stands at the Threshold… of Becoming, Cohen states, “This thing of darkness I acknowledge mine [and it can be] hidden away… in the forbidden recesses of our mind…” This explains a monster can reside in one’s mind. It could be inside anyone. Maybe someone passing by on the street, a neighbor, or a relative, no one ever knowing. It could consume one’s thoughts or feelings, until something finally unleashes that monster within. While Dahmer was still in the womb, he was at risk to acquire a mental illness. The lack of emotional fulfillment as a baby only increased that risk. As time went on, the illness grew inside him creating thoughts of sex and violence, and a case of abandonment made him snap. The monster could no longer be contained. With mental illness being the root cause of his murderous ways, this can leave one’s curiosity open to the possibility that these murders could have been prevented. If he had been diagnosed from a professional at the age of eight when he began to display symptoms, he could have received the help he needed to make his mind well. There are many successful treatments for mental illness that range from medications, therapy, and more to keep symptoms under control (Mayo Clinic Staff). With his symptoms under control, his thoughts of killing people may have never formed. He may have been socially healthier being able to make and build relationships which would have not left him feeling so alone. He may have never killed his first victim. Undiagnosed, untreated mental illness. This was the monster of Jeffrey Dahmer.
Backderf, Derf. “The graduation.” “MY FRIEND DAHMER.” Blogspot.com. 18 Jun. 2013, https://www.google.com/search?biw=1024&bih=651&tbm=isch&sa=1&ei=MrQBW6a7EczC0wKJjKu4Aw&q=dahmer+18&oq=dahmer+18&gs_l=img.3…1078934.1116730.0.1117220.127.116.11.0.0.0.186.978.2j5.7.0….0…1c.1.64.img..0.5.721…0j0i67k1j0i5i30k1j0i24k1.0.tTVFvm-7zmE#imgrc=QN1mgJNJtXkBbM: Accessed 20 May 2018.
This is the picture for paragraph five. It is Jeffery Dahmer at his high school graduation. I used this picture because this was the time when his family had left him, and shortly after, he murdered his first victim. A look at a soon to be killer.
Cohen, Jeffrey Jerome. “Monster Culture (Seven Theses).” Monster Theory: Reading Culture, University of Minnesota Press, 1997, pp. 20. Accessed 7 May 2018.
This is the Monster Culture reading handed out in class. It is seven different theses that explain how someone, or something, may be a monster. I used this to connect Jeffrey Dahmer to monster thesis VII: The Monster Stands at the Threshold… of Becoming. This thesis explains that monsters can be inside our minds. Thesis IV, The Monster Dwells at the Gates of Difference, “The monster is difference made flesh, come to dwell among us.” Brings out how Dahmer was different that many people in society because of his actions. Thesis V, The Monster Polices the Borders of the Possible. Dahmer’s actions crossed the line into monstrosity in a bigger way than most serial killer when he ate his victims. Thesis VI, Fear of the Monster is Really a Kind of Desire, “More often, however, the monster retains a haunting complexity.…[and] will always dangerously entice.” This helps bring out society being fascinated with monsters and curious for an understanding. I feel this is a reliable source because Cohen has a PhD in English and American Literature and Language from Harvard University, an English professor, and the director of the Medieval and Early Modern Studies Institute at George Washington University.
Dahmersbeer. “Steven Hicks.” http://www.tumblr.com. https://www.google.com/search?biw=1024&bih=651&tbm=isch&sa=1&ei=BA76Wrm0DcO_0wL-zI-wBQ&q=steven+hicks&oq=steven+hicks&gs_l=img.3..0j0i67k1j0l6.49618.52204.0.52418.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.1083.3j7.10.0….0…1c.1.64.img..0.12.1150…0i10k1.0.6VIa0T93pkk#imgrc=jnRyLC9sGX3LSM: Accessed 20 May 2018.
This is the picture for paragraph six. It is Steven Hicks, Jeffrey’s first victim. I used this to put a face with a name to help visualize the short summary of Dahmer’s first murder.
Evans, Terence T. “United States District Court, E.D. Wisconsin.” “Estate of Sinthasomphone v. City of Milwaukee, 785 F.Supp. 1343 (1992).” scholar.google.com. 5 Mar. 1992. https://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=2385489882412075322&q=Estate+of+Konerak+Sinthasomphone+&hl=en&as_sdt=400006 Accessed 18 May 2018.
This is legal documents pertaining to the night that one of Dahmer’s victims were released back into his custody. There was investigation into the way the police handled the situation. I used this for the story of what happened with Sinthasomphone the night he was not helped by the police. I feel this is a reliable source because it is legal court proceedings from the judge who handled the case.
Garcia, Eugene. “How Systemic Racism Fueled Jeffrey Dahmer’s Killing Spree.” “Logo.” http://www.newnownext.com. “GettyImages.” 2 Nov. 2017, https://www.google.com/search?tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1024&bih=651&ei=J7QBW-mIGsuEjwPC-7GwDg&q=dahmer+obsess+with+men&oq=dahmer+obsess+with+men&gs_l=img.3…2068.9762.0.103126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.738.7j1.8.0….0…1ac.1.64.img..0.8.674…0j0i5i30k1j0i8i30k1j0i24k1.0.MPzK2smzdB0#imgrc=9ksoFJkQnlvYFM: Accessed 20 May 2018.
This is the picture for paragraph one. It is Jeffrey Dahmer pictured next to his thirteenth victim, Konerak Sinthasomphone. This was the boy who had tried to escape from Dahmer’s apartment and the police returned him back to Dahmer. I used this to provide a face for the opening story.
Geoffreydangler. “Baby Dahmer in full color.” “Baby Dahmer.” http://www.tumblr.com https://www.google.com/search?biw=1024&bih=651&tbm=isch&sa=1&ei=6gT6WoSJKcKSjwPl8ZnIDg&q=dahmer+baby&oq=dahmer+baby&gs_l=img.3..0i5i30k1l2.196270.199599.0.200038.21.14.0.0.0.0.291.1730.4j7j1.12.0….0…1c.1.64.img..11.7.1316…0j0i8i30k1j0i10i24k1j0i24k1.0.Ffrt7gzINaQ#imgrc=DmAP8FDv5Le0yM: Accessed 20 May 2018.
This is the picture for paragraph three. It is Jeffrey Dahmer as a baby. I used this picture because he was not held enough as a child and this picture captures that. He is sitting on the bed, not being held. He does not appear to be a happy baby in this picture.
Grzegorek, Vince. “Knowing Jeffrey Dahmer Will Get You Booted From a Jury.” “SCENE.” http://www.clevescene.com. 8 Nov. 2010, https://www.google.com/search?biw=1024&bih=651&tbm=isch&sa=1&ei=cY8AW_-PMI32swWCrLDQBQ&q=dahmer&oq=dahmer&gs_l=img.3..0l10.388711.389885.0.391014.6.5.0.184.108.40.206.842.0j4j1.5.0….0…1c.1.64.img..0.6.884…0i67k1.0.jnaG-NOX1wQ#imgdii=yoKk7J8wV6mn9M:&imgrc=Zv10sG_a_9GDRM: Accessed 20 May 2018.
This is the picture for paragraph seven and the title. It is Jeffrey Dahmer as an adult sitting in the courtroom. I used this picture because after all is done, he looks like anyone. You would never be able to tell, without knowing, he was a murderer.
Mandal MD, Dr. Ananya. “What is Thalidomide?” “News Medical Life Sciences.” http://www.news-medical.net. 11 Jan. 2015, https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Thalidomide.aspx. Accessed 3 May 2018.
This is an article about a medication called thalidomide. It gives information on the pill, what conditions it may be prescribed for, and what medications it is combined with for better use. I used this article for the information that it was used around the time Joyce was pregnant with Jeffrey. It was very harmful to the fetus when given to pregnant women. It was prescribed to relieve morning sickness but also anxiety, tension, gastritis, and insomnia. This caused over 10,000 babies to be born with birth defect before it was known to cause harm. Since Dahmer’s mother took 27 pills a day while she was pregnant with him and I cannot access what pills she took, I used this as an example of the kind of medications that were given out to pregnant women during this time. I feel this is a reliable source because the author is a doctor, she lists her sources of information, and it is reviewed by another person who carries a Bachelor of Science. So, two seemingly qualified people agree that this is correct information.
Mayo Clinic Staff. “Mental Illness.” “Mayo Clinic.” http://www.mayoclinic.org. 13 Oct. 2015, https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mental-illness/symptoms-causes/syc-20374968. Accessed 3 May 2018.
This is an article written about mental illness. It gives examples, symptoms, causes, risk factors, complication and prevention of mental illness. It also contains information on help with suicidal thoughts and behavior, as well as suggestions to help loved ones who may be showing signs of mental illness. I used this because Dahmer had three out of the three causes to mental illness, as well as some risk factors. I wanted to show that he fits in many ways to having mental illness. I feel this is a reliable source because the Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit medical practice and medical research group. The staff consists of physicians, scientist and more. This article was written by the staff, so I assume they are qualified to write about this subject.
Narvaez Ph.D., Darcia. “Five Things NOT to do to Babies.” “Psychology Today.” http://www.psychologytoday.com. 27 Apr. 2014, https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/moral-landscapes/201404/five-things-not-do-babies. Accessed 3 May 2018.
This is an article written about, just as the title states, five things not to do to babies. One of the five things is “Not hold them whenever possible.” It explains how babies should be held. It says it helps them to be at ease and explains negative results from not being held. They say more about how the mind is physically affected, like the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis (stress response system) is dysregulated, neurotransmitters become underdeveloped, and even problems with memory function later in life. These physical aspects in turn cause emotional problems. I feel this is a reliable source because the author has a Ph.D. and is a Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Notre Dame. She also is an author and editor of many books and articles in psychology, along with awards under her belt. She has the 2015 William James Book Award from the American Psychology Association and the 2017 Expanded Reason Award. She seems to be well qualified to write about this subject.
Pedneault P, Kristalyn Salters. “Suppressing Emotions and Borderline Personality Disorder.” “verywell mind.” http://www.verywellmind.com. 7 Jan. 2018, https://www.verywellmind.com/suppressing-emotions-425391. Accessed 3 May 2018.
This is an article about suppressing emotions. It explains that people may try to get rid of unwanted thoughts and feelings by pushing them away, but it is ineffective and unhealthy. It also tells about a study that concludes, the more someone tries to not think of something, the more they do think of it. I used this article to bring out that Dahmer was trying to push his disturbing thoughts away and by doing this, it made it worse. I feel this is a reliable source because the author is a psychologist who has done much research on psychological trauma, and conditions linked to it, as well as research on borderline personality disorder and post traumatic stress disorder. I feel she must be knowledgeable in what is not healthy for the mind.
Gorgasmic. “The evolution of Jeffrey Dahmer.” “Horror.” aminoapps.com. 27 Mar., https://www.google.com/search?tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1024&bih=651&ei=RZACW4D2BYL2_wTKnrWgCQ&q=dahmer+teen&oq=dahmer+teen&gs_l=img.3…1986.5116.0.54220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.680.7j1.8.0….0…1ac.1.64.img..0.8.623…0j0i5i30k1.0.bQ2ibkGQIWI#imgrc=FQP5onA2ysBXVM: Accessed 20 May 2018.
This is the picture for paragraph four. It is Jeffrey Dahmer as a teenager. I used this picture because he looks to be around the age of fourteen, around the time he began having disturbing thoughts. This picture seems to catch the distance in his eyes, looking withdrawn and not happy, and maybe even possibly had been drinking before this picture was taken.
Rubin MD, Leslie. “Environmental Factors in Women’s Reproductive Health.” “in.” “SlideShare.” http://www.slideshare.net. 10 Oct. 2014, https://www.google.com/search?tbm=isch&q=thalidomide+baby&chips=q:children+of+thalidomide,g_2:birth+defect&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiXn7Keg5XbAhVORqwKHbq8ADkQ4lYIKCgA&biw=1024&bih=651&dpr=1#imgrc=FVDEuGNqSSH6oM: Accessed 20 May 2018.
This is the picture for paragraph 2. It shows a picture of a baby born with the side effects of the drug Thalidomide, along with some information. I used this to show taking one wrong pill during pregnancy could be detrimental to the unborn child.
This is a documentary about Jeffrey Dahmer. It has many different people from Jeffrey’s life telling about their experiences with Jeffrey or what they had witnessed. It includes his father, lawyers, old class mates, and even Jeffery himself. I used this to tell about different aspects of Jeffrey’s life. I wanted to point out his disturbing thoughts as a teenager and how they haunted him, and when his parents divorced they just left him there. I believe this is a reliable source because these people knew Dahmer. They were there. They spoke with him and saw first hand certain things in his life.
Tiwari, Sarvada Chandra. “Loneliness: A Disease?” Indian Journal of Psychiatry 55.4 (2013): 320–322. PMC. Web. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3890922/. 4 May 2018.
This is an article about loneliness. It describes loneliness as a “hidden killer”, negative effects it can have on people, and ways to prevent it. This article is geared toward the elderly, but loneliness can affect anyone. I used this to bring out the point that when Jeffrey’s family left him alone after his parents divorced, the loneliness was not good for him. I feel this is a reliable source because the author is a doctor that works in a mental health department at King George’s Medical University, so I assume she is qualified to write about how loneliness can affect one’s mental health. She cites many sources throughout her article and lists them at the bottom of the article.
Tron, Gina. “Dahmer on Dahmer: A Serial Killer Speaks.” “Here’s what Jeffrey Dahmer’s family thinks of their serial killer relative.” “Oxygen.” “Crime Time.” http://www.oxygen.com. 27 Oct. 2017, http://www.oxygen.com/dahmer-on-dahmer-a-serial-killer-speaks/blogs/heres-what-jeffrey-dahmers-family-thinks-of-their. Accessed 3 May 2018.
This is an article, along with a short video clip of a special aired on Oxygen. It is Jeffrey Dahmer’s father, Lionel, and stepmother, Shari talking about what may have led to Jeffrey’s murderous ways. I used this for the information they gave about Jeffrey’s mother, Joyce. They say she suffered from a mental illness and took 27 pills a day when she was pregnant with him. They also say he was not held much as a baby. I took this information to show how he could be susceptible to a mental illness. I feel this is a reliable source because Lionel was there. He witnessed these things happening. His stepmother Shari was not around during that time but Lionel more than likely shared these things with her.
This is an article about the study of children who are neglected in early life. It tells about a Romanian orphanage that took care of the children’s physical needs but did not tend to their emotional needs and how that negatively affected them even many years down the road. I used this to show as an example how children need their emotional needs cared for just as much as their physical needs. Since Dahmer was not held as a young child, his emotional needs were neglected and therefore very well could have damaged his emotional state of mind. I believe this is a reliable source because throughout this article she mentions her sources, which consist of psychologists and doctors. There are also links to click on to read on some of her sources.