Quick Write

What fallacies can be connected to monsters?

Questions vs Answers

Let’s take a step back and think about critical thinking again. Critical thinking relies on forming and asking questions. When we assume things, we are providing answers without asking questions.

This class is meant to move you past your comfort zone. It should challenge you intellectually and morally. You should evaluate your thinking and your beliefs. Not to get rid of them, but to know what you know and don’t know. You choose to believe what you want, not just believe what has been passed down to you.

If this class is challenging, good. That is the point of it. Questions lead to knowledge and learning, answers lead to dead ends.

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Monsters and Fallacies

Your mission is to connect a fallacies or multiple fallacies to monsters. Think of the monsters we have discussed and researched and the monster theory.

Use the paper and colors to show us the connection.

Fallacy Project

Choose Your Own Adventure

In small groups pick a fallacy

  • Define the fallacy
  • Explain why it is a fallacy or unethical
  • Give at least 2 exampels
  • 3 to 5 minute presentation (PowerPoint, Blog post, etc.)
  • Be able to answer questions

Fallacies Continued

Ethical Fallacies (Ethos)

False Authority – Offering yourself or other authorities as sufficient evidence.

Dogmatism – persuade by assuming a position based in biblical passages.

Dogmatism Fallacy example

Moral Equivocation – suggesting that serious wrongdoings do not differ from minor ones.

Ad Hominem (At the person) – Attacks directed at character instead of the claims or argument.

Logical Fallacies (Logos)

Hasty Generalizations – conclusions drawn from insufficient evidence. Jumping to conclusions. The most common fallacy you will encounter.

Hasty Generalization example

Faulty Causality – assuming because one event happened after another, the first causes the second.

Begging the Question – a form of circular logic. an argument based on claims that cannot be accepted as true.

Equivocation – the use of ambiguous language to conceal the truth or to avoid committing oneself.

Non Sequitur – an argument in which claims, reasons, or warrants fail to connect logically.

The Straw Man – Misrepresenting an argument in order to knock it down. Arguing something that is not really there.

Faulty Analogy – An extended comparison that is inaccurate or inconsequential.

Red Herring – Partway through an argument, the arguer goes off on a tangent, raising a side issue that distracts the audience from what’s really at stake. Often, the arguer never returns to the original issue.