What monster theory can help us better understand prejudice? What one do you see as connected to it?
Why does this matter?
- The Real Black Death
- Bang, Bang, My Baby Shot Me Down
- The 21st Century Werewolf Monster
- What’s Kraken?
- The Beauty and The Gill Man
People have been writing causal analyses for centuries. Here is the title page of Edward Jenner’s 1798 publication, An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Variolae Vaccinae. His research led to the vaccine for small pox.
Small pox has been all but eradicated by modern medicine. By the careful study of small pox focusing on the causes and effects, he was able to develop a vaccine to save human life.
Understanding Causal Relationships
Causality: the relationship of cause and effect
You should identify the types of causal relationships on your charts (you might use different types of arrows, different colors, or simply labels to show what kind of cause is being mapped).
- Necessary Cause: any factor that must be in place for something to occur.
- Sufficient Cause: is a condition that always produces the effect in question.
- Precipitating Cause: the proverbial straw that breaks a camel’s back.
- Proximate Cause: nearby and often easy to spot.
- Remote Cause: may act at some distance from an event but be closely tied to it.
- Reciprocal Cause: you have a reciprocal situation when a cause leads to an effect that, in turn, strengthens the cause.
- Contributing Factors: add to the causes to bring about the effect.
What is the question you are exploring? Use why, how, and what if to come up with your question.
Why do we have some many school shootings?
Why did Harvey Weinstein get away with it for so long?
The Survival Of The Slasher Film
1. Emphasizing Causes
- Why did X happen?
- Why does X happen?
- Why will X happen?
Example: Why did Ed Gein kill those women?
- Cause 1 – ____________________________
- Cause 2 – ____________________________
- Cause 3 – ____________________________
- Event – ______________________________
2. Emphasizing Effects
- What did X produce?
- What does X produce?
- What will X produce?
Example: What impact did Ed Gein have in pop culture? or What is the lasting impact of Ed Gein?
- Event – _______________________________
- Effect 1 – ______________________________
- Effect 2 – ______________________________
- Effect 3 – ______________________________
3. Causal Chain
Cause > Effect 1 > Effect 2 > Effect 3
Example: Ed Gein > Psycho novel > Psycho movie > Slasher Films > Silence of the Lambs
Developing your Essay
- Present a reasonable thesis statement.
- Make it logical
- Make it supportable
- Don’t use absolutes, instead use
- may be
- a contributing factor
- main reason
- Limit your discussion to recent and major causes or effects.
- Organize your essay clearly.
- Use one of the formats above
- Convince your reader that a causal relationship exists by showing how the relationship works.
- Use specific details and examples to show the relationship.