Bringing a child into your home is one of the greatest things anyone can do. Although it does have a lot of different options like the age to adopt or what type of adoption you would like to do. Hank Fortener states “adoption is the most transformational power of a family. I got to see irreplaceable unbelievable power of what it means to create an environment of unconditional love”. Adoption is something that not everyone will be able to experience. People adopt all different ages from infant to teens either to help a child out or simply because they can’t have babies. “In regard to adoption and children’s development studies suggest that being adopted may convey risks for later psychological and behavioral problems” (Glover 239). So, no matter what age people adopt there is always the problems the children may develop to remember. Some children may not but majority of adopted children do because of what they have gone thru in life.
National Council for Adoption states “Since 2007 – the number of overall adoptions has fallen, even as the total number of domestic infant adoptions has seen a small increase.” Drs. Placek and Jones report “the total number of all adoptions taking place in the U.S. has fallen, from a count of 133,737 adoptions in 2007 to 110,373 in 2014.” Adoption remains an important service for children in need of families in the U.S.
Types of Adoptions:
There are three different types of adoptions you can choose from which are Domestic adoption, Multi ethnic adoption and international adoption. Domestic adoption is when the couple wants to adopt the same culture and ethnicity. They prefer the child to look like them. Multi ethnic adoption is when the adopted family does not care what culture or ethnicity the child is that they are adopting. International adoption is adopting out of the country.
People think adopting infants is the easiest way to go. Children adopted as babies experience almost continues care by the adoptive parents (Howe). Which is why people believe infants will not have behavioral problems or feel neglected later in life. Although this stage is the most crucial in any infant’s life. When adopting, “the first months and years of life have been long regarded as crucial to later development; infancy is characterized by rapid neurological and behavioral development” (Julian 1). Children placed as babies have fewer developmental risked attached. Although physically, cognitively and educationally. Adopted babies do as well as non-adopted children. Also, when taking an infant in you are the only person they know, and they are more willing to accept you as their parent.
“Children placed after the age of 12 months appear at increased risk of more pronounced development impairments, again practically in the realms of the emotional, behavioral and social development” (Howe 223). When toddlers are adopted they are lacking cognitive and linguistic skills to understand the transitions. Some toddlers even join adoptive family in the state of anger, fright, or grief. Howe states “children who join adoptive families after the age of 1 or 2 will normally have developed a clear-cut attachment with their biological mother prior to being placed.”
Adopting at an older age can be hard for the child and adopted family. As a teen they may have been neglected, or not feeling loved so they don’t want to open themselves up to the adopted family. Just being placed can be a big change for them. Howe states “Older placed children experience at least one major change of caregiver when they join their adoptive family.” Also, when adopted at an older age they can have already went thru things such as going from home to home or being abused. Howe states “older placed children typically have pre-placement histories of adversity deprivation, neglect, rejection and abuse.”
When deciding to adopt just remember it does not matter the age. The child will be grateful in the end that you give them unconditional love that their biological parents could not do for them. Adopting can be a long process that takes months to possibly a year or two. Although it will be worth it in the end. It is another person to give your love to plus making your family bigger.
Work Cited Page:
Howe, David. “Age at Placement, Adoption Experience and Adult Adopted People’s Contact with Their Adoptive and Birth Mothers: An Attachment Perspective.” Attachment & Human Development, vol. 3, no. 2, Sept. 2001, pp. 222–237. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/14616730110058025.
Glovera, Marshaun B., et al. “Parents’ Feelings Towards TheirAdoptive and Non-AdoptiveChildren.” 9 Dec. 2009, p. 2-4, content.ebscohost.com/ContentServer.asp?T=P&P=AN&K=50316741&S=R&D=pbh&EbscoContent=dGJyMNXb4kSep644zdnyOLCmr1Cepq5Ssau4S7OWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPGusVCxprBNuePfgeyx44Dt6fIA. Accessed 10 Oct. 2018.
Fortener, Hank. “How I Use the Internet to Build Families.” , adopttogether.org/7-ted-talks-about-adoption/. Accessed 3 Oct. 2018.
Julian, Megan. “Age at Adoption from Institutional Care as a Window into the Lasting Effects of Early Experiences.” Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review, vol. 16, no. 2, June 2013, pp. 101–145. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10567-013-0130-6.
Romero, Elmer. After Adoption: Postadoption Assistance, Parenting, Impacts and Information Access. Nova Science Publishers, Inc, 2016. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspdirect=true&db=e000xna&AN=1286268&site=ehost-live.