Booker T. Washington 1856 – 1915
from Up from Slavery
Chp XIV. The Atlanta Exposition Address
- Analogy – a comparison between two things, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification.
- Metaphor – is a figure of speech which makes an implicit, implied or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated but share some common characteristics.
Annoying as nails on a chalkboard.
There are plenty of fish in the sea.
Shall I compare thee to a Summer’s day?
The beautiful sunset.
The sun doesn’t actually set, we rotate away from it on our globe and it only appears that way.
“Cast Down Your Bucket”: Dr. Washington’s belief that people should make the most of any situation they find themselves in. He felt that economic opportunity for African Americans was in the south instead of moving to the north. His idea was that the two races should look to one another for economic advancement for the country.
Jim Crow Laws: Laws passed mainly by local legislatures that relegated African Americans to second class citizenship. These were the original laws that started segregation when “Whites Only” and “Coloreds Only” started appearing as a result of Jim Crow legislation.
Disenfranchisement: To deprive a right, especially the right to vote.
Black Codes: Laws passed right after the Civil War ended that discriminated against African Africans, and made the status of African Americans closer to slaves than free people. The Black Codes bound African Americans to contracts that gave them no legal rights and in some cases forbid them to leave the plantation they worked on. The Black Codes said no southern state would set up schools for African Americans.