What do you think is the difference between writing in high school and writing in college?
- Critical Thinking
- Critical Reading
- Writing Process
- The Unending Conversation
We have already learned several important concepts. The next concept is the metaphor of “The Unending Conversation.” What we are studying now, has a long history. People have been writing and researching everything you can think of.
For example, the conversation on how to speak well goes back a couple thousand years to Aristotle, Plato, and others that came before.
Everything you will write about from now on, needs to be based in a conversation. A scholarly one, a scientific one, a popular one. To know what has been said before, you need to read and research. Why does this matter?
Burke’s “Unending Conversation” Metaphor
Kenneth Burke writes:
Imagine that you enter a parlor. You come late. When you arrive, others have long preceded you, and they are engaged in a heated discussion, a discussion too heated for them to pause and tell you exactly what it is about. In fact, the discussion had already begun long before any of them got there, so that no one present is qualified to retrace for you all the steps that had gone before. You listen for a while, until you decide that you have caught the tenor of the argument; then you put in your oar. Someone answers; you answer him; another comes to your defense; another aligns himself against you, to either the embarrassment or gratification of your opponent, depending upon the quality of your ally’s assistance. However, the discussion is interminable. The hour grows late, you must depart. And you do depart, with the discussion still vigorously in progress.
Intro to Research
Scholarly research is research that is published by people with specialized knowledge on what they are researching. It is peer reviewed, reviewed by other researchers and specialist in the field, and is generally trustworthy. Blogs, Newspapers, Magazines are not Scholarly but are popular sources.
ProCon.org No subscription needed. Good place to look at the main issues around a topic.
Occupational Outlook Handbook The OOH can help you find career information on duties, education and training, pay, and outlook for hundreds of occupations.
Google Scholar Google academic database search. Great place to start.
Crafton Hills Library Databases You have to sign in to access the library databases off campus.
The annotated bibliography is intended to help you with your research project.
An annotated bib is a works cited or references page with additional information added to each citation. You begin with the correct reference citation for your sources. For this assignment we will have three to five sources.
Here is a good explanation of citations in MLA.
Explanation and example of an Annotated Bibliography from Cornell
Example 2 Annotated Bibliography from Purdue OWL
Here is the format:
Author(s). “Article Title.” Source, vol. #, no. #, season year, pp. xx-xx. Database, URL.
Kong, Les. “Business Sources for Education Majors.” Education Graduate Students Journal, vol. 75, no. 4, 2014, pp. 12-19. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/52506788.
To each entry you will add the annotation, the paragraph or two that explains the source, why you are using it, and its reliability.
Each professor you will have in the future may have specific guidelines for what to include in an annotated bibliographic entry. Always follow their instructions.
For this assignment, you should include:
- Summary of Source, 2-4 sentences
- How you are using it in your report, 1-3 sentences
- Reliability of source, 1-3 sentences
Krikorian, Mark. “Two Immigration Priorities.” National Review, Dec, 2016, pp. 18-20, SIRS Issues Researcher, www.sks.sirs.com.
This article goes into detail on some of the other less talked about factors of the changes in how we deal with illegal immigrants under our new president and his policies. The author is the director of the Center for Immigration Studies so I assume he is a credible expert in immigration. I will use this source to get more specific in my critique of the border wall proposal.
Krikorian, Mark. “Two Immigration Priorities.” National Review, Dec, 2016, pp. 18-20, SIRS Issues Researcher, www.sks.sirs.com. This article goes into detail on some of the other less talked about factors of the changes in how we deal with illegal immigrants under our new president and his policies. The author is the director of the Center for Immigration Studies so I assume he is a credible expert in immigration. I will use this source to get more specific in my critique of the border wall proposal.
In total, you should have a short paragraph, 4-10 sentences, explaining the three points above.
Banking Concept vs Problem Posing vs Argument Centered
Banking Concept – Education is seed as a process of depositing knowledge into passive students. The teacher is the source of knowledge passed onto students.
Problem Based Learning – is a student-centered pedagogy in which students learn about a subject through the experience of solving an open-ended problem found in trigger material. The PBL process does not focus on problem solving with a defined solution, but it allows for the development of other desirable skills and attributes. This includes knowledge acquisition, enhanced group collaboration and communication.
Argument Centered – Teach writing and thinking through argument and debate. Student write arguments and practice debate to learn to take positions on debatable issues or problems.
There are many different approaches to teaching besides these. Discovery learning, learning by teaching, project-based learning, literacies, etc. to name some of the most common.
- Write the Annotated Bib 5 Sources