What do you think is the difference between writing in high school and writing in college?
We have already learned several important concepts. The next concept is the metaphor of “The Unending Conversation.” What we are studying now, has a long history. People have been writing and researching everything you can think of.
For example, the conversation on how to speak well goes back a couple thousand years to Aristotle, Plato, and others that came before.
Everything you will write about from now on, needs to be based in a conversation. A scholarly one, a scientific one, a popular one. To know what has been said before, you need to read and research. Why does this matter?
Burke’s “Unending Conversation” Metaphor
Kenneth Burke writes:
Imagine that you enter a parlor. You come late. When you arrive, others have long preceded you, and they are engaged in a heated discussion, a discussion too heated for them to pause and tell you exactly what it is about. In fact, the discussion had already begun long before any of them got there, so that no one present is qualified to retrace for you all the steps that had gone before. You listen for a while, until you decide that you have caught the tenor of the argument; then you put in your oar. Someone answers; you answer him; another comes to your defense; another aligns himself against you, to either the embarrassment or gratification of your opponent, depending upon the quality of your ally’s assistance. However, the discussion is interminable. The hour grows late, you must depart. And you do depart, with the discussion still vigorously in progress.
In small groups, locate the problem as he presents it. Does he provide evidence?
Locate the solution he proposes.
Intro to Research
Scholarly research is research that is published by people with specialized knowledge on what they are researching. It is peer reviewed, reviewed by other researchers and specialist in the field, and is generally trustworthy. Blogs, Newspapers, Magazines are not Scholarly but are popular sources.
ProCon.org No subscription needed. Good place to look at the main issues around a topic.
Occupational Outlook Handbook The OOH can help you find career information on duties, education and training, pay, and outlook for hundreds of occupations.
Google Scholar Google academic database search. Great place to start.
Crafton Hills Library Databases You have to sign in to access the library databases off campus.
Questions on Research?
- Find your five sources for your topic. Must be reliable.