What are some reasons we read?
- Survey the table of contents.
- Skim to get a sense of the whole.
- Browse the headings.
- Look up terms or concepts you don’t know.
- Summarize what you have read.
- A purpose for reading. Are you reading for understanding, information, background knowledge, for support and evidence, or to answer a questions?
The 4 Ps
- Previewing the text.
- Predicting what the text is about.
- Think about the prior knowledge you have on the topic.
- Author’s Purpose
- Read to deepen what you already know.
- Read above your level of knowledge.
- Read what makes you uncomfortable.
- Read against the grain.
- Read slowly.
- Annotate what you read.
Evaluating Your Sources
Remember the Acronym CRAAP
- C current
- R relevant
- A author
- A accurate
- P purpose
Purdue OWL MLA Citation Guide Go here for updated MLA.
MLA was updated June 2016 to the 8th edition. If you learned it before that, there are many small changes that you need to be aware of.
MLA Works Cited
Here is a good explanation of citations in MLA.
Here is the format:
Author(s). “Article Title.” Source, vol. #, no. #, season year, pp. xx-xx. Database, URL.
Kong, Les. “Business Sources for Education Majors.” Education Graduate Students Journal, vol. 75, no. 4, 2014, pp. 12-19. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/52506788.
We will use the 8th edition MLA citation Style. You can look under our resources page for MLA or APA guides. There are three things to consider for each style guide you use:
- Page Formatting
- In-Text Citations
- Works Cited/References Page
One author: (Ramos 23).
Two Authors: (Ramos and Smith 23).
Three or more authors: (Ramos et al. 23).
Quote from the article “Sandra Cisneros’s Modern Malinche: A Reconsideration of Feminine Archetypes in Woman Hollering Creek” by Alexandra Fitts:
Cisneros reevaluates, and in a way revalues, the three most prevalent representations of Mexican womanhood: the passive virgin, the sinful seductress, and the traitorous mother, idolized in the figures of the Virgin of Guadalupe, La Malinche, and La Llorona.
Here Fitts directly incorporates a quote from another author:
In the words of Chicana critic and activist Gloria Anzaldúa, “this is her home / this thin edge of / barbwire” (20).
Here is a Power Point presentation covering MLA style 8th edition and the recent changes.
“The historical representative of this sexualized position as cultural mediator is La Malinche. Malinche, doña Marina, Malinalli-she has many names and many incarnations. What we know of her is that she was an Indian woman who served as interpreter and lover to Hernán Cortés while he conquered her land and massacred her people. Infamous as a traitor and a whore, her legacy has been to serve as a representative of the victimization of the native people of Mexico at the hands of the whites, and as the shameful reminder of a woman’s complicity” (Fitts).
Fitts, Alexandra. “Sandra Cisneros’s Modern Malinche: A Reconsideration of Feminine Archetypes in Woman Hollering Creek.” International Fiction Review 29.1 (2002).
Let’s cite an article together.
What questions do you have?
Keep these things in mind.
- Peer edit the same way you revise your own work.
- Be specific in identifying problems or opportunities.
- Offer suggestions for improvement.
- Praise what is genuinely good in the paper.